Pseudo Jonathan Leviticus 22:28


Sons of Israel, my people, as our Father in heaven is merciful, so shall you be merciful on earth: neither cow, nor ewe, shall you sacrifice along with her young on the same day. And when you offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving to the Name of the Lord, you shall offer so as to be accepted. It shall be eaten on that day, none shall remain till the morning: I am the Lord. And you shall observe My commandments to do them I am the Lord who give a good reward, to them who keep My commandments and My laws. Nor shall you profane My Holy Name, that I may be hallowed among the children of Israel.

Luke 6:36

New Testament

32 “If you love those who love you, what credit is that to you? For even sinners love those who love them. 33 And if you do good to those who do good to you, what credit is that to you? Even sinners do the same. 34 And if you lend to those from whom you hope to be repaid, what credit is that to you? Even sinners lend to sinners, so that they may be repaid in full. 35 But love your enemies, and do good, and lend, expecting nothing back. Then your reward will be great, and you will be sons of the Most High, because he is kind to ungrateful and evil people. 36 Be merciful, just as your Father is merciful.

 Notes and References

"... the Targumim represent a meeting of rabbinic Judaism with the common people, and so the style is similar to that of Jesus and Paul. There are several places where targumic readings help us to understand a New Testament reading. One well-known example is Mark 4:12, where Jesus quotes the Old Testament in a form close to Targum of Isaiah 6:9-10, “so that while seeing they might see and not perceive ... lest they repent and it be forgiven them.” Both the hina (= purpose, “so that”) and the use of “forgiven” rather than “healed” (both MT and LXX) reflect the Targum, showing that Jesus’ purpose was to describe the hard-hearted leaders from the parable of the sower and in contrast to call the hearers to understanding. Another can be the echo of Targum Pseudo-Jonathan on Leviticus 22:28 in Luke 6:36, “Be merciful, just as your Father is merciful” ..."

Osborne, Grant R. Hermeneutical Spiral: A Comprehensive Introduction to Biblical Interpretation (p. 440) InterVarsity Press, 2010

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