Psalm 91:13

Hebrew Bible

11 For he will order his angels to protect you in all you do. 12 They will lift you up in their hands, so you will not slip and fall on a stone. 13 You will subdue a lion and a snake; you will trample underfoot a young lion and a serpent. 14 The Lord says, “Because he is devoted to me, I will deliver him; I will protect him because he is loyal to me. 15 When he calls out to me, I will answer him. I will be with him when he is in trouble; I will rescue him and bring him honor.

Luke 10:19

New Testament

17 Then the seventy-two returned with joy, saying, “Lord, even the demons submit to us in your name!” 18 So he said to them, “I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven. 19 Look, I have given you authority to tread on snakes and scorpions and on the full force of the enemy, and nothing will hurt you. 20 Nevertheless, do not rejoice that the spirits submit to you, but rejoice that your names stand written in heaven.” 21 On that same occasion Jesus rejoiced in the Holy Spirit and said, “I praise you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because you have hidden these things from the wise and intelligent and revealed them to little children. Yes, Father, for this was your gracious will.

 Notes and References

"... The New Testament, written several centuries aft er the translation of the Psalms into Greek, refers to Psalm 91 three times. Two of these references are Synoptic Gospel parallels (Matt. 4:6//Luke 4:10–11; Luke 10:19). Because of Jesus’ own self-descriptive use of the Psalter and the alleged messianic, familial, and typological connections between Jesus and David—considered the author of the Psalter by late Second Temple period (compare Psalm 110:1; Matthew 22:43–44) — the New Testament authors oft en interpreted psalms as prophetic descriptions of Jesus. The gospels cite Psalm 91 during Jesus’ temptation in the wilderness and explicitly treat it as scripture (Matt. 4:6//Luke 4:10, citing Ps. 91:11–12). Ironically, it is the devil himself who quotes this antidemonic psalm, but Jesus responds by rejecting its magical use (Matt. 4:7//Luke 4:12). Some scholars have detected a polemical thrust in the devil’s use of this text and Jesus’ rebuke: perhaps the gospels here condemn the common use of Psalm 91 as a magical or exorcistic incantation. In Matthew’s reading, the problem of the text seems to be that one would misunderstand scripture as a magic trick ..."

Brown, William P. The Oxford Handbook of the Psalms (p. 299) Oxford University Press, 2014

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