Psalm 75:8

Hebrew Bible

4 I say to the proud, “Do not be proud,” and to the wicked, “Do not be so confident of victory. 5 Do not be so certain you have won. Do not speak with your head held so high. 6 For victory does not come from the east or west,or from the wilderness. 7 For God is the judge. He brings one down and exalts another. 8 For the Lord holds in his hand a cup full of foaming wine mixed with spices, and pours it out. Surely all the wicked of the earth will slurp it up and drink it to its very last drop.

Revelation 14:10

New Testament

8 A second angel followed the first, declaring: “Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great city! She made all the nations drink of the wine of her immoral passion.” 9 A third angel followed the first two, declaring in a loud voice: “If anyone worships the beast and his image, and takes the mark on his forehead or his hand, 10 that person will also drink of the wine of God’s anger that has been mixed undiluted in the cup of his wrath, and he will be tortured with fire and sulfur in front of the holy angels and in front of the Lamb. 11 And the smoke from their torture will go up forever and ever, and those who worship the beast and his image will have no rest day or night, along with anyone who receives the mark of his name.” 12 This requires the steadfast endurance of the saints—those who obey God’s commandments and hold to their faith in Jesus.

 Notes and References

"... That the wine is ἄκρατος, “unmixed,” emphasizes the potency of the mixture, since Greeks customarily diluted wine with water in a special vessel called a κρατήρ, “crater,” “mixing bowl,” with equal parts of water and wine or three parts water to two parts wine (Blümner, Greeks, 209–10) or even one part wine to three parts water (Seltman, Wine, 91). Applied to wine, the adjective ἄκρατος means “pure,” “unmixed,” “undiluted,” and hence “extremely strong” ... It should also be noted that the term ποτήριον, “cup,” can be used as a metaphor for destiny (Isaiah 51:17, 22; Lamentations 4:21; Psalm 75:8; John 18:11; see Psalm 11:6) and for violent death (Ascension of Isaiah 5:13), either the fact of violent death or violent death as the consequence of divine punishment ..."

Aune, David Word Biblical Commentary: Revelation 6-16 (p. 975) Zondervan, 2017

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