Proverbs 30:16

Hebrew Bible

15 The leech has two daughters: “Give! Give!” There are three things that will never be satisfied, four that have never said, “Enough”— 16 the grave, the barren womb; earth has not been satisfied with water; and fire has never said, “Enough!” 17 The eye that mocks at a father and despises obeying a mother—the ravens of the valley will peck it out, and the young vultures will eat it.

LXX Proverbs 30:16


15 The horse-leech had three dearly-beloved daughters: and these three did not satisfy her; and the fourth was not contented so as to say, Enough. 16 Hades, and the love of a woman, and Tartarus and the earth not filled with water; water also and fire will not say, It is enough. 17 The eye that laughs to scorn a father, and dishonours the old age of a mother, let the ravens of the valleys pick it out, and let the young eagles devour it.

 Notes and References

"... The Septuagint (also called the LXX), the translation of Hebrew scriptures into Greek first carried out in the third century BCE, indicates that some Jews during the period were textual scholars who had a sophisticated mastery of both Hebrew and Greek. They were also familiar with Greek culture. Occasionally a LXX translator appeals, for example, to Greek myth to make a Hebrew idiom intelligible. Whereas Sheol, for instance, is the common name for the underworld in the Hebrew Bible, it is called Tartarus in the Greek versions of Proverbs and the book of Job (LXX Proverbs 30:16; Job. 40:20; 41:32). This is the name of the underworld in Greek myth (Hesiod, Theogony 726–825) ..."

Goff, Matthew "Scribes and Pedagogy in Ancient Israel and Second Temple Judaism" in Adams, Samuel L., and Matthew J. Goff (eds.) Wiley Blackwell Companion to Wisdom Literature (pp. 195-212) Wiley-Blackwell, 2020

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