Proverbs 3:34

Hebrew Bible

31 Do not envy a violent man, and do not choose any of his ways; 32 for one who goes astray is an abomination to the Lord, but he reveals his intimate counsel to the upright. 33 The Lord’s curse is on the household of the wicked, but he blesses the home of the righteous. 34 With arrogant scoffers he is scornful, yet he shows favor to the humble. 35 The wise inherit honor, but he holds fools up to public contempt.

1 Peter 5:5

New Testament

3 And do not lord it over those entrusted to you, but be examples to the flock. 4 Then when the Chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the crown of glory that never fades away. 5 In the same way, you who are younger, be subject to the elders. And all of you, clothe yourselves with humility toward one another because God opposes the proud but gives grace to the humble. 6 And God will exalt you in due time, if you humble yourselves under his mighty hand 7 by casting all your cares on him because he cares for you.

 Notes and References

"... A first proverb in 1 Peter occurs in 4:8, where Proverbs 10:12 appears to have been substantially reformulated. Most commentators would call it an allusion or an echo. The rendering is obviously very free, but still too apparent to ignore ... A second proverb occurs in 4:18, which follows Proverbs 11:31 rather closely ... 4:17-18 as a whole illustrates that the way wisdom sayings are applied in 1 Peter, intertwine with eschatological motives. 4:18, without losing its sapiential flavour, has an eschatological touch to it. Verse 17 'For the time has come for judgment to begin with the household of God' may loosely allude to Ezekiel 9:5-6, where God commands concerning his judgment, 'Begin at my sanctuary! So they began with the elders who were in front of the house.' From there the argument proceeds: 'If it begins with us, what will be the end for those who do not obey the gospel of God?' and ends in the question charted above. Wisdom and admonishment are positioned here in view of God’s coming wrath, compare 2:12.23 A second proverb, 5:5, is an almost citation of Proverbs 3:34, with only the divine name differing. We can therefore suffice with one translation: 'God opposes the proud, but gives grace to the humble' ..."

van Nes, Hans "Traces of A Three Part Canon underlying 1 Peter" in Riecker, Siegbert (ed.) Das heilige Herz der Tora: Festschrift für Hendrik Koorevaar zu seinem 65. Geburtsatg. (pp. 183-197) Shaker, 2011

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