1 These also are proverbs of Solomon, which the men of King Hezekiah of Judah copied: 2 It is the glory of God to conceal a matter, and it is the glory of a king to search out a matter. 3 As the heaven is high and the earth is deep so the hearts of kings are unsearchable. 4 Remove the dross from the silver, and material for the silversmith will emerge; 5 remove the wicked from before the king, and his throne will be established in righteousness. 6 Do not honor yourself before the king, and do not stand in the place of great men; 7 for it is better for him to say to you, “Come up here,” than to put you lower before a prince,whom your eyes have seen. 8 Do not go out hastily to litigation, or what will you do afterward when your neighbor puts you to shame?
7 Then when Jesus noticed how the guests chose the places of honor, he told them a parable. He said to them, 8 “When you are invited by someone to a wedding feast, do not take the place of honor because a person more distinguished than you may have been invited by your host. 9 So the host who invited both of you will come and say to you, ‘Give this man your place.’ Then, ashamed, you will begin to move to the least important place. 10 But when you are invited, go and take the least important place, so that when your host approaches he will say to you, ‘Friend, move up here to a better place.’ Then you will be honored in the presence of all who share the meal with you. 11 For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, but the one who humbles himself will be exalted.”
Notes and References
"... But “fission” is not the only way a proverb is expanded into future contexts. Sometimes a proverb is taken and amplified into a story form or a parable. It is the nature of a proverb to compress a series of experiences into one brief statement. What happens when these tightly packaged sayings are unpacked? Such is the case with several parables in the New Testament. It is another way in which the proverb unfolds. Luke 14:7-11 tells the parable of how guests are to act at the invitation to a marriage feast ... his parable is clearly an amplification of the saying in Proverbs 25:6-7 ... in its context in Proverbs, the saying is concerned with giving advice to the aspiring young student about the way he should conduct himself in the presence of the king. It is concerned with proper etiquette. The parable in Luke unpacks the proverb and expands it into story form. It gives advice about how to conduct oneself in a social setting. It is concerned with individuals developing the quality of humility ..."
Bland, Dave L. A Rhetorical Perspective on the Sentence Sayings of the Book of Proverbs (pp. 233-234) University of Washington, 1994