Philippians 3:20

New Testament

18 For many live, about whom I have often told you, and now, with tears, I tell you that they are the enemies of the cross of Christ. 19 Their end is destruction, their god is the belly, they exult in their shame, and they think about earthly things. 20 But our citizenship is in heaven—and we also eagerly await a savior from there, the Lord Jesus Christ, 21 who will transform these humble bodies of ours into the likeness of his glorious body by means of that power by which he is able to subject all things to himself. Source

Date: 56-63 C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

Philo The Special Laws 1:13

Classical

13 Some persons have conceived that the sun, and the moon, and the other stars are independent gods, to whom they have attributed the causes of all things that exist. But Moses was well aware that the world was created, and was like a very large city, having rulers and subjects in it; the rulers being all the bodies which are in heaven, such as planets and fixed stars; 14 and the subjects being all the natures beneath the moon, hovering in the air and adjacent to the earth. But that the rulers aforesaid are not independent and absolute, but are the viceroys of one supreme Being, the Father of all, in imitation of whom they administer with propriety and success the charge committed to their care, as he also presides over all created things in strict accordance with justice and with law. Others, on the contrary, who have not discovered the supreme Governor, who thus rules everything, have attributed the causes of the different things which exist in the world to the subordinate powers, as if they had brought them to pass by their own independent act. Source

Date: 20-50 C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

Standhartinger, Angela "Apocalyptic Thought in Philippians" The Jewish Apocalyptic Tradition and the Shaping of New Testamenmt Thought, edited by Loren T. Stuckenbruck (pp. 239-240) Fortress Press, 2017

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.

Standhartinger, Angela "Apocalyptic Thought in Philippians" The Jewish Apocalyptic Tradition and the Shaping of New Testamenmt Thought, edited by Loren T. Stuckenbruck (pp. 239-240) Fortress Press, 2017

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.