Neofiti Genesis 3:22


22 And the Lord God said: “Behold, the first Adam whom I have created is alone in the world as I am alone in the heavens on high. Numerous nations are to arise from him, and from him shall arise one nation who will know to distinguish between good and evil. If he had observed the precept of the Law and fulfilled its commandment he would live and endure forever like the tree of life. And now, since he has not observed the precepts of the Law and has not fulfilled its commandment, behold we will banish him from the garden of Eden before he stretches out his hand and takes of the fruit of the tree of life and eats and lives for ever.”

1 Corinthians 15

New Testament

42 It is the same with the resurrection of the dead. What is sown is perishable, what is raised is imperishable. 43 It is sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory; it is sown in weakness, it is raised in power; 44 it is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body. If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body. 45 So also it is written, “The first man, Adam, became a living person”; the last Adam became a life-giving spirit. 46 However, the spiritual did not come first, but the natural, and then the spiritual.

 Notes and References

"... While the relevance of the Jewish background concerning the intertextual influences upon Pauline literature has long been recognized, the Targums rarely have been considered in constructing that intertextual background. The advancements made in Targum and New Testament intertextual studies have not gained the impact in Pauline research equal to its potential. This essay offers evidence of an intertextual relationship between Paul and the Targums in support of a call for further consideration of the Targums in Pauline research. Scholars have recognized already some parallels between exegetical material in the Targums and Paul’s letters. For example, Martin McNamara identified shared vocabulary and similar exegesis of Deuteronomy 30:11–14 by Paul in Romans 10:6–8 and Targum Neofiti. Craig A. Evans noted the parallel occurrences of “first Adam” in Targum Psalms and 1 Corinthians 15:45–47, and argued that that the phrase was “distinctly targumic.” Paul Flesher and Chilton suggested that the parallel understanding of the phrase “everyone hangs upon a tree” as a sanction of the Judaic Law in both Galatians 3:13 and the Targum of Ruth indicates a “common midrashic possibility.” While these examples do suggest some level of interaction between Paul and targumic exegetical traditions, as witness in the Targums of the Pentateuch and the Writings, little has been found concerning Targum Jonathan of the Prophets. The remainder of this essay will explore a number of parallels between Targum Jonathan of the Prophets and Paul’s letter to the Romans, suggestive of an intertextual relationship ..."

DelRio, Delio "The Targums and the Apostle Paul" in Chilton, Bruce, and Alan J. Avery-Peck (eds.) Earliest Christianity within the Boundaries of Judaism: Essays in Honor of Bruce Chilton (pp. 151-167) Brill, 2016

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