New Testament

Matthew 25:40

31 “When the Son of Man comes in his glory and all the angels with him, then he will sit on his glorious throne. 32 All the nations will be assembled before him, and he will separate people one from another like a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats. 33 He will put the sheep on his right and the goats on his left. 34 Then the king will say to those on his right, ‘Come, you who are blessed by my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world. 35 For I was hungry and you gave me food, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink, I was a stranger and you invited me in, 36 I was naked and you gave me clothing, I was sick and you took care of me, I was in prison and you visited me.’ 37 Then the righteous will answer him, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry and feed you, or thirsty and give you something to drink? 38 When did we see you a stranger and invite you in, or naked and clothe you? 39 When did we see you sick or in prison and visit you?’ 40 And the king will answer them, ‘I tell you the truth, just as you did it for one of the least of these brothers or sisters of mine, you did it for me.’

Date: 70-90 C.E.
* Dates are based on scholarly estimates

Midrash Tannaim 15:9

Midrash

'Sufficient' - If one encounters a poor person, one is obligated to fulfill that person's needs, as it says: 'sufficient.' If the giver doesn't have enough, they should give according to their ability. How much? Up to one-fifth of one's property, the choicest form of the commandment; one-tenth of one's property, average; less than that, selfish. Thus: God says to Israel, 'My Sons, whenever you give sustenance to the poor, I impute it as though you gave sustenance to me, for it says, My Bread.' Does then, God eat and drink? No, but whenever you give food to the poor, God accounts it to you as if you gave food to Him.

Date: 960-985 C.E.
* Dates are based on scholarly estimates