15 “If your brother sins, go and show him his fault when the two of you are alone. If he listens to you, you have regained your brother. 16 But if he does not listen, take one or two others with you, so that at the testimony of two or three witnesses every matter may be established. 17 If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church. If he refuses to listen to the church, treat him like a Gentile or a tax collector.
Sanhedrin 107aBabylonian Talmud
David continued: Moreover, my enemies torment me to the extent that at the time when they are engaged in the public study of the halakhot of the four court-imposed death penalties they interrupt their study and say to me: David, concerning one who engages in intercourse with a married woman, his death is effected with what form of execution? And I said to them: Concerning one who engages in intercourse with a married woman before witnesses and with forewarning, his death is by strangulation, and he has a share in the World-to-Come. But one who humiliates another before the multitudes has no share in the World-to-Come. The transgression of those who humiliated David is clearly more severe than the transgression of David himself.
Notes and References
"... Church discipline, 18:15; Lk 17:1–4; Rabbinic sources indicated that a person should never shame another publicly or he/she could be excluded from the world to come (b. Sanh. 107a) ..."
Levine, Amy-Jill & Brettler, Marc Zvi The Jewish Annotated New Testament (p. 33) Oxford University Press, 2011
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