4 Maccabees 13:13


12 and another reminded them, "Remember whence you came, and the father by whose hand Isaac would have submitted to being slain for the sake of religion." 13 Each of them and all of them together looking at one another, cheerful and undaunted, said, "Let us with all our hearts consecrate ourselves to God, who gave us our lives, and let us use our bodies as a bulwark for the law. 14 Let us not fear him who thinks he is killing us, 15 for great is the struggle of the soul and the danger of eternal torment lying before those who transgress the commandment of God. 16 Therefore let us put on the full armor of self-control, which is divine reason. 17 For if we so die, Abraham and Isaac and Jacob will welcome us, and all the fathers will praise us."

Matthew 10:28

New Testament

26 “Do not be afraid of them, for nothing is hidden that will not be revealed, and nothing is secret that will not be made known. 27 What I say to you in the dark, tell in the light, and what is whispered in your ear, proclaim from the housetops. 28 Do not be afraid of those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. Instead, fear the one who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. 29 Aren’t two sparrows sold for a penny? Yet not one of them falls to the ground apart from your Father’s will. 30 Even all the hairs on your head are numbered. 31 So do not be afraid; you are more valuable than many sparrows.

 Notes and References

"... Grundeken observes that Hermas teaches no death or resurrection of Jesus; according to Hermas, Jesus neither died nor was he resurrected, rather, his flesh was imperishable.Neither are the faithful resurrected according to Hermas; like Jesus, they continue to live forever. Now, the synoptic pericope in which Jesus is depicted as proving the doctrine of theresurrection by referring to the three patriarchs who live to God is particularly congruentwith Hermas, since this Jesus tradition actually demonstrates an uninterrupted life with Godrather than any popular conception of eschatological physical resurrection. Relevant is also 4 Maccabees 13:14‐15: “Let us not fear him who thinks he is killing us, for great is the struggleof the soul and the danger of eternal torment lying before those who transgress thecommandment of God.” Cf. Hermas Mand. 12.6.3, which I have previously cited less completelyto emphasize its connection with Lev. 18:5: “Hear me therefore, and fear Him, Who is able todo all things, to save and to destroy, and observe these commandments, and ye shall live untoGod,” which brings to mind Jesus’ teaching pertaining to persecution and martyrdom in Matthew 10:28, “Do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul; rather fear himwho can destroy both soul and body in hell.” ..."

Zinner, Samuel Shepherd of Hermas Mandate 12: Allusions to Deuteronomy 30 and Leviticus 18:5: A Short Note (pp. 1-15) University of Nebraska Lincoln, 2017

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