LXX Proverbs 21:18


14 A secret gift averts anger, but he who is sparing with gifts arouses fierce wrath. 15 It is a joy to the righteous to do justice, but according to evildoers a devout person is impure. 16 A man who strays from the path of righteousness will rest in the gathering of giants. 17 A needy man loves joy; he likes wine and oil in abundance. 18 And a lawless person is the refuse of a righteous one. 19 It is better to live in a desert land than with a quarrelsome and talkative and irritable wife. 20 A desirable treasure will rest in the mouth of the wise, but foolish men will swallow it. 21 A way of righteousness and compassion will find life and honor.

1 Corinthians 4:13

New Testament

10 We are fools for Christ, but you are wise in Christ! We are weak, but you are strong! You are distinguished, we are dishonored! 11 To the present hour we are hungry and thirsty, poorly clothed, brutally treated, and without a roof over our heads. 12 We do hard work, toiling with our own hands. When we are verbally abused, we respond with a blessing, when persecuted, we endure, 13 when people lie about us, we answer in a friendly manner. We are the world’s dirt and scum, even now.

 Notes and References

"... There are a number of Intertexture references and influences underpinning elements of 1 Corinthians 4:6-13: (1) the ‘royal’ power of 1 Corinthians 4:8 alludes to the ‘royal’ power of Daniel 7:18, 21 and 27; the mention of scapegoat or ransom in 1 Corinthians 4:13 refers to similar themes in Proverbs 21:18, Tobit 5:19, Leviticus 16; and there are numerous allusions to Isaiah, especially Isaiah 52:13—53:12. It is also important to discuss Paul’s use of familial language. These will be investigated for their relevance to Paul’s argument in 1 Corinthians 4:9-13 (There may also be allusions to some pseudepigraphal books in 1 Corinthians 4:9-13, especially to Bel and the Dragon 31 (“sentenced/doomed to death”) and to 4 Maccabees 17:14 (“The tyrant was the opponent and the world and the human race were the spectators”). (‘Sentenced/doomed to death’) in 1 Corinthians 4:9 is the only time that word is used in the New Testament: it is also used in the LXX version of Bel and the Dragon 31 where it is given the same meaning, namely, that ‘condemnation to death’ signifies that it is a public or cosmic spectacle. This interpretation is supported in 1 Corinthians 4:9) ..."

Mortell, Philip B. A Socio-rhetorical Interpretation of Paul’s Theology of Christian Suffering in 1 Corinthians (pp. 115-117) University of Limerick, 2020

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