Leviticus 25:25

Hebrew Bible

23 The land must not be sold without reclaim because the land belongs to me, for you are foreign residents, temporary settlers, with me. 24 In all your landed property you must provide for the right of redemption of the land. 25 “‘If your brother becomes impoverished and sells some of his property, his near redeemer is to come to you and redeem what his brother sold. 26 If a man has no redeemer, but he prospers and gains enough for its redemption, 27 he is to calculate the value of the years it was sold, refund the balance to the man to whom he had sold it, and return to his property.

Jeremiah 32:7

Hebrew Bible

5 Zedekiah will be carried off to Babylon and will remain there until I have fully dealt with him. I, the Lord, affirm it! Even if you continue to fight against the Babylonians, you cannot win.’” 6 So now, Jeremiah said, “The Lord’s message came to me, 7Hanamel, the son of your uncle Shallum, will come to you soon. He will say to you, “Buy my field at Anathoth because you are entitled as my closest relative to buy it.” 8 And then my cousin Hanamel did come to me in the courtyard of the guardhouse in keeping with the Lord’s message. He said to me, ‘Buy my field that is at Anathoth in the territory of the tribe of Benjamin. Buy it for yourself since you are entitled as my closest relative to take possession of it for yourself.’ When this happened, I recognized that the Lord had indeed spoken to me. 9 So I bought the field at Anathoth from my cousin Hanamel. I weighed out seven ounces of silver and gave it to him to pay for it.

 Notes and References

"... A similar practice for preventing the incursion of non-clansmen is found among Bedouin and in the Bible. It grants male clansmen preemption in the purchase of land owned by a fellow tribesman. In the Bible, this is reflected in Leviticus 25:25–28, which stipulates the redemption of land that a man in economic straits plans to sell or mortgage to a non-clansman; if he has already done so, such land can be released either by being bought back by a clansman or by its mandatory release in a jubilee year. We find such preemption practiced in two biblical stories. One is in the book of Ruth, which illustrates how a clan’s wish to prevent part of its joint landholdings from passing to outsiders (Ruth 4:3–5) underlies the practice. Boaz offers to buy the field of his deceased clansman Elimelekh from his indigent widow, Naomi, presumably to forestall her from selling it to a non-clansman. Boaz describes his action as “restoring” (lig’ol, i.e., to the clan) “the plot of our clansman Elimelekh” and thereby establishing “the deceased clansman’s name on his holding.” The second story, from Jeremiah 32:7–8, relates another act of preemption. The prophet is approached by Hanamel, the son of his uncle Shallum, who says to him, “Buy my land in Anathoth, for you are next in succession to restore it by purchase.” ..."

Bailey, Clinton Bedouin Culture in the Bible (p. 98) Yale University Press, 2018

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