Leviticus 25:23

Hebrew Bible

21 I will command my blessing for you in the sixth year so that it may yield the produce for three years, 22 and you may sow the eighth year and eat from that sixth year’s produce—old produce. Until you bring in the ninth year’s produce, you may eat old produce. 23 The land must not be sold without reclaim because the land belongs to me, for you are foreign residents, temporary settlers, with me. 24 In all your landed property you must provide for the right of redemption of the land. 25 “‘If your brother becomes impoverished and sells some of his property, his near redeemer is to come to you and redeem what his brother sold.

Psalm 39:12

Hebrew Bible

10 Please stop wounding me. You have almost beaten me to death. 11 You severely discipline people for their sins; like a moth you slowly devour their strength. Surely all people are a mere vapor. (Selah) 12 Hear my prayer, O Lord. Listen to my cry for help. Do not ignore my sobbing. For I am a resident foreigner with you, a temporary settler, just as all my ancestors were. 13 Turn your angry gaze away from me, so I can be happy before I pass away.

 Notes and References

"... Another feature of hospitality that emerges from the Old Testament record is Israel's deep sense of God as its host. Conscious of its formation from descendants of a 'wandering Aramean,' Israel knew and treasured its identity as a pilgrim people (Deuteronomy 26:5–22), especially during the Exodus journey when it received manna from God in the wilderness (Exodus 16–17). Having taken possession of the promised land, Israelites nevertheless remembered that their home belonged to Yahweh (Leviticus 25:23) and that they, like their forebears, remained sojourners and passing guests in God's eyes (Psalm 39:12). Precisely as inhabitants of the land, they pictured themselves being led into green pastures and feted at the table of the divine king in the presence of their enemies. The 'house of the Lord' in which they hoped to dwell forever was essentially God‘s perpetual hosting (Psalm 23; see also Psalm 104 in which God is portrayed as feeding and sustaining the entire creation day by day). When Israel's prophets looked forward to an era of perfect righteousness and shalom, it was no accident that they envisioned God entertaining the people at an endless feast (Amos 9:13–15; Joel 3:18; Isaiah 25:6–8; see also 1 Enoch 62:14; Midrash on Exodus 25:7–8) ..."

Freedman, David Noel The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (p. 3718) Yale University Press, 2008

 User Comments

Do you have questions or comments about these texts? Please submit them here.