Leviticus 10:10

Hebrew Bible

9 “Do not drink wine or strong drink, you and your sons with you, when you enter into the Meeting Tent, so that you do not die. This is a perpetual statute throughout your generations, 10 as well as to distinguish between the holy and the common, and between the unclean and the clean, 11 and to teach the Israelites all the statutes that the Lord has spoken to them through Moses.”

Ezekiel 42:20

Hebrew Bible

17 He measured the north side as 875 feet by the measuring stick. 18 He measured the south side as 875 feet by the measuring stick. 19 He turned to the west side and measured 875 feet by the measuring stick. 20 He measured it on all four sides. It had a wall around it, 875 feet long and 875 feet wide, to separate the holy and common places.

 Notes and References

"... The next occurrence of the syntactical pairing occurs in Leviticus 11:47, which functions as the concluding summary of that chapter’s legislation. The purpose given for “this law” is to enable priests and people “to separate between the unclean and the clean, and between the animal that may be eaten and the animal that may not be eaten”. The verbatim repetition of Leviticus 10:10b in the purpose statement of Leviticus 11:47a creates a link between these two pericopes and implies that the legislation of Leviticus 11 (and of chapters 11–15 more broadly) is an outworking of the command given in Leviticus 10. The final use of the construction is found in Ezekiel 42:20, where the function assigned to the boundary wall in Ezekiel’s temple vision is “to separate between the holy and the common”. Within the Old Testament this is used only in creation (Genesis 1) and cultic contexts. This parallel suggests a connection between God’s creative acts of separation and Israel’s cultic acts of separation ..."

Harper, G. Geoffrey "I Will Walk among You": The Rhetorical Function of Allusion to Genesis 1-3 in the Book of Leviticus (p. 181) Eisenbrauns, 2018

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