Cuneiform Texts from Ugarit
Ancient Near East

Though you smote Litan the wriggling serpent, finished off the writhing serpent, Encircler-with-seven-heads, the heavens will be hot, they will shine when I tear you in pieces, I shall devour you, thighs, blood and forearms; you will indeed go down into the throat of divine Mot (death), into the maw of the Beloved of El, the hero. He extends a lip to the earth, a lip to the heavens, he extends a tongue to the stars. Baal must enter his belly, down into hs mouth he must go, since he scorched the olive, the produce of the earth, and the fruit of the trees.

Isaiah 5:14

Hebrew Bible

13 Therefore my people will be deported because of their lack of understanding. Their leaders will have nothing to eat, their masses will have nothing to drink. 14 So Death will open up its throat, and open wide its mouth; Zion’s dignitaries and masses will descend into it, including those who revel and celebrate within her. 15 Men will be humiliated, they will be brought low; the proud will be brought low.

 Notes and References

"... The Isaiah Apocalypse, apart from the divine garden, clearly celebrates God’s kingship in 24:21–23 and 25:6–8. These two passages, now separated by a psalm of praise (25:1–5), are closely related. Both passages recount events that take place on Mount Zion, events that demonstrate YHWH’s kingship. In fact, YHWH is explicitly hailed as king in 24:23bα: “King is YHWH of hosts / On Mount Zion and in Jerusalem.” Furthermore, he is depicted as exercising, celebrating, and affirming his kingly authority in the passage. In the first half of the vision (24:21–22), YHWH judges the heavenly hosts and the earthly kings, demonstrating his authority over the entire cosmos. In the second half (25:6–8), he prepares an eschatological feast for all the peoples. As we mentioned in the preceding text, feasts celebrate and inaugurate kingship. During this feast, God also swallows Death, the paradigmatic swallower of life (25:8a). (For depictions of “death” as a swallower, in the Hebrew Bible, see Numbers 16:30; Isaiah 5:14; Habakkuk 2:5; Proverbs 1:12; etc. In the Baal Cycle, see KTU 1.4 VIII 14–20; 1.5 I 6–8, 14–19; II 2–6. For a fuller discussion, see Paul Kang-Kul Cho and Janling Fu, “Death and Feasting in the Isaiah Apocalypse (Isaiah 25:6–8),” in Formation and Intertextuality in Isaiah 24–27) In sum, Zion is the site of God’s royal garden and the seat of his eschatological kingship where justice is meted out against his heavenly, earthly, and infernal foes and where feasting occurs in celebration and confirmation of his eternal kingship ..."

Cho, Paul K. K. Myth, History, and Metaphor in the Hebrew Bible (p. 188) Cambridge University Press, 2018

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