13 For calamity follows on calamity, and wound on wound, and tribulation on tribulation, and evil tidings on evil tidings, and illness on illness, and all evil judgments such as these, one with another, illness and overthrow, and snow and frost and ice, and fever, and chills, and torpor, and famine, and death, and sword, and captivity, and all kinds of calamities and pains.' 14 And all these shall come on an evil generation, which transgresses on the earth: their works are uncleanness and fornication, and pollution and abominations. 15 Then they shall say: 'The days of the forefathers were many (even), unto a thousand years, and were good; but behold, the days of our life, if a man has lived many, are three score years and ten, and, if he is strong, four score years, and those evil, and there is no peace in the days of this evil generation.'
38 Then some of the experts in the law along with some Pharisees answered him, “Teacher, we want to see a sign from you.” 39 But he answered them, “An evil and adulterous generation asks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. 40 For just as Jonah was in the belly of the huge fish for three days and three nights, so the Son of Man will be in the heart of the earth for three days and three nights. 41 The people of Nineveh will stand up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it because they repented when Jonah preached to them—and now, something greater than Jonah is here!
Notes and References
"... Jubilees 23 follows a familiar pattern of human sin and divine punishment following the terms and punishments of the covenant, particularly in Leviticus 26 and Deuteronomy 28. The sin is human sin within Israel, not a cosmic or even international evil force. The sin which “that evil generation” commits, including injustice and impurity, all comes down to covenantal infidelity ... The connection to the covenantal curses is apparent not only in the explicit framework of “they will abandon the covenant… God will punish…,” but also in the details of the punishment. Jubilees is not a line-for-line retelling of Deuteronomy 28 or Leviticus 26, but almost every detail in Jubilees 23 has a parallel in these chapters. An examination of these parallels establishes the present point that Jubilees 23 recontextualizes the final woes as covenantal chastisement. The parallels also bring us to the next point, that the final woes are toned down to fit the claim that the covenantal prediction has already been fulfilled and the restoration begun ..."
Hanneken, Todd Russell The Book of Jubilees Among the Apocalypses (pp. 369-370) University of Notre Dame, 2008
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