Job 37:11

Hebrew Bible

11 He loads the clouds with moisture; he scatters his lightning through the clouds. 12 The clouds go round in circles, wheeling about according to his plans, to carry out all that he commands them over the face of the whole inhabited world. 13 Whether it is for punishment, or for his land, or for mercy, he causes it to find its mark. 14 “Pay attention to this, Job! Stand still and consider the wonders God works. 15 Do you know how God commands them, how he makes lightning flash in his storm cloud?

Matthew 5:45

New Testament

43 “You have heard that it was said, ‘Love your neighbor’ and ‘hate your enemy.’ 44 But I say to you, love your enemy and pray for those who persecute you, 45 so that you may be like your Father in heaven, since he causes the sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous. 46 For if you love those who love you, what reward do you have? Even the tax collectors do the same, don’t they? 47 And if you only greet your brothers, what more do you do? Even the Gentiles do the same, don’t they?

 Notes and References

"... each of these interesting features in Elihu’s speech has its downside: even though Elihu distinguishes among sufferers between the basically good and the basically wicked, he still operates within the traditional framework of suffering as punishment. Innocent or inexplicable suffering is outside his whole range of experience. And on the second point, while it may be uplifting to consider the universe as testimony to the wonder of the deity, it could be a retrograde step to imagine that the weather is an instrument of divine self-revelation. It will not do much harm to hear in the thunder the sound of the divine wrath (36:33), or find in enforced idleness during winter storms a heaven-sent opportunity to contemplate the divine activity (37:7), but if for a moment Elihu thinks that a lightning strike is a mark of divine judgment, or that the coming or the withholding of rain signifies the pleasure or displeasure of the deity, he is a poorer theologian than he seems. Another Hebrew sage knew that God sends rain on the just and unjust alike (Matthew 5:45), still recognizing a religious significance in rain, but not a discriminatory one. Elihu, to be fair, does not ever say explicitly that the natural phenomena separate out the righteous from the wicked, though 37:13 might at first suggest this ..."

Clines, David J. A. Word Biblical Commentary: Job 21-37 (pp. 520-521) Word Books, 2006

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