Jeremiah 51:13

Hebrew Bible

11 “Sharpen your arrows! Fill your quivers! The Lord will arouse a spirit of hostility in the kings of Media, for he intends to destroy Babylonia. For that is how the Lord will get his revenge—how he will get his revenge for the Babylonians’ destruction of his temple. 12 Give the signal to attack Babylon’s wall! Bring more guards; post them all around the city. Put men in ambush, for the Lord will do what he has planned. He will do what he said he would do to the people of Babylon. 13You who live along the rivers of Babylon, the time of your end has come. You who are rich in plundered treasure, it is time for your lives to be cut off. 14 The Lord of Heaven’s Armies has solemnly sworn, ‘I will fill your land with enemy soldiers. They will swarm over it like locusts. They will raise up shouts of victory over it.’

Revelation 17:1

New Testament

1 Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls came and spoke to me. “Come,” he said, “I will show you the condemnation and punishment of the great prostitute who sits on many waters, 2 with whom the kings of the earth committed sexual immorality and the earth’s inhabitants got drunk with the wine of her immorality.” 3 So he carried me away in the Spirit to a wilderness, and there I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast that was full of blasphemous names and had seven heads and ten horns. 4 Now the woman was dressed in purple and scarlet clothing, and adorned with gold, precious stones, and pearls. She held in her hand a golden cup filled with detestable things and unclean things from her sexual immorality.

 Notes and References

"... John sees the γυνή holding something in her hand. It is another container for a liquid so often spoken about throughout Revelation. The container is identified as ποτήριον χρυσοῦν “a golden cup” having very extraordinary “liquid” filling composed of two elements: βδελυγμάτων “abominations”, and ἀκάθαρτα τῆς πορνείας “impurities of fornication.” The golden cup phrase ποτήριον χρυσοῦν is an allusion to Jeremiah 51:7 once again bringing the reference to Babylon into consideration (as the phrase ὑδάτων πολλῶν above to Jeremiah 51:13). This context is of special value because it depicts Babylon’s deception of other nations by its wine succeedingly making them drunk. According to this allusion, therefore, the ποτήριον χρυσοῦν points to γυνή’s deceptive character. The twofold content of ποτήριον does not point to something nice. Both of the concepts βδέλυγμα and ἀκάθαρτος relate to γυνή’s “pornographic” activity which is unacceptable in God’s view. The idea of βδέλυγμα can be established on account of previous uses. Usually, the word is situated into the context of God’s disgust upon certain idolatrous behavior (see Deuteronomy 7:25; Isaiah 2:8; Jeremiah 44:22-23; Daniel 9:27; Malachi 2:11). It is similar with the concept of ἀκάθαρτος which is modified with τῆς πορνείας αὐτῆς framing it into the domain of idolatry as well ..."

Schejbal, Michal The Mystery of the Woman and the Beast: Rhetorical-Narrative Analysis of Revelation 17:1-18 (pp. 59-60) Charles University in Prague, 2018

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