3 “I have stomped grapes in the wine press all by myself; no one from the nations joined me. I stomped on them in my anger; I trampled them down in my rage. Their juice splashed on my garments and stained all my clothes. 4 For I looked forward to the day of vengeance, and then payback time arrived. 5 I looked, but there was no one to help; I was shocked because there was no one offering support. So my right arm accomplished deliverance; my raging anger drove me on. 6 I trampled nations in my anger; I made them drunk in my rage; I splashed their blood on the ground.” 7 I will tell of the faithful acts of the Lord, of the Lord’s praiseworthy deeds. I will tell about all the Lord did for us, the many good things he did for the family of Israel, because of his compassion and great faithfulness.
LXX Isaiah 63:5
3 “I am full of a trampled wine press, and of the nations no man is with me, and I trampled them in wrath and crushed them like earth and brought down their blood to the earth. 4 For a day of retribution has come upon them, and a year of ransom is here. 5 And I looked, but no one was a helper, and I observed, but no one was assisting; so my own arm delivered them, and my wrath was present. 6 And I trampled them down in my anger, and I brought down their blood to the earth.” 7 I called to mind the mercy of the Lord, the excellences of the Lord in all the things with which the Lord rewards us; the Lord is a good judge to the house of Israel; he provides for us according to his mercy, according to the abundance of his righteousness.
Notes and References
"... LXX Isaiah occasionally executes an ameliorative reading by means of a careful choice of Greek vocabulary. This appears to be the case in 59.16 and 63.5, where the translator offers us two anti-anthropopathisms. Our translator's theology, it would seem, can embrace divine perception but resists that limitation of it which produces surprise and astonishment."
Baer, David A. When We All Go Home: Translation and Theology in LXX Isaiah 56-66 (p. 126) Sheffield Academic Press, 2001
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