Isaiah 51:13

Hebrew Bible

12 “I, I am the one who consoles you. Why are you afraid of mortal men, of mere human beings who are as short-lived as grass? 13 Why do you forget the Lord, who made you, who stretched out the sky and founded the earth? Why do you constantly tremble all day long at the anger of the oppressor, when he makes plans to destroy? Where is the anger of the oppressor? 14 The one who suffers will soon be released; he will not die in prison, he will not go hungry.

Zechariah 12:1

Hebrew Bible

1 This is an oracle, the Lord’s message concerning Israel: The Lord—he who stretches out the heavens and lays the foundations of the earth, who forms the human spirit within a person—says, 2 “I am about to make Jerusalem a cup that brings dizziness to all the surrounding nations; indeed, Judah will also be included when Jerusalem is besieged. 3 Moreover, on that day I will make Jerusalem a heavy burden for all the nations, and all who try to carry it will be seriously injured; yet all the peoples of the earth will be assembled against it.

 Notes and References

"... The phrase ('the one who stretches out the heavens and establishes the earth') occurs in Zechariah 12:1 and Isaiah 51:13, and nowhere else in the Old Testament. This terminology, however, is very typical of Deutero-Isaiah (compare Isaiah 40:22; 42:5; 44:24; 45:12; 48:13; 51:16). There is thus no reason to think that Isaiah 51:13 is dependent on Zechariah 12:1, and not the other way around ..."

Nurmela, Risto "The Growth of the Book of Isaiah Illustrated by Allusions in Zechariah" in Boda, Mark J., and Michael H. Floyd, (ed.) Bringing out the Treasure: Inner Biblical Allusion in Zechariah 9-14 (p. 256) Sheffield Academic Press, 2003

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