4 Even so, take heart, Zerubbabel,” decrees the Lord. “Take heart, Joshua son of Jehozadak, the high priest. And take heart all you citizens of the land,” decrees the Lord, “and begin to work. For I am with you,” decrees the Lord of Heaven’s Armies. 5 “Do not fear, because I made a promise to your ancestors when they left Egypt, and my Spirit even now testifies to you.” 6 Moreover, this is what the Lord of Heaven’s Armies has said: “In just a little while I will once again shake the sky and the earth, the sea and the dry ground. 7 I will also shake up all the nations, and they will offer their treasures; then I will fill this temple with glory.” So the Lord of Heaven’s Armies has said. 8 “The silver and gold will be mine,” decrees the Lord of Heaven’s Armies.
24 and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks of something better than Abel’s does. 25 Take care not to refuse the one who is speaking! For if they did not escape when they refused the one who warned them on earth, how much less shall we, if we reject the one who warns from heaven? 26 Then his voice shook the earth, but now he has promised, “I will once more shake not only the earth but heaven too.” 27 Now this phrase “once more” indicates the removal of what is shaken, that is, of created things, so that what is unshaken may remain. 28 So since we are receiving an unshakable kingdom, let us give thanks, and through this let us offer worship pleasing to God in devotion and awe.
Notes and References
"... New Testament texts of cosmic destruction are dependent on a large fund of Old Testament imagery about God’s coming as judge. In these Old Testament texts, we find mention of nations, mountains, the earth, and even the heavens being shaken at God’s presence. This idea is clearly behind Hebrews 12, which quotes Haggai 2:6 concerning the eschatological shaking of heaven and earth. In connection with this cosmic shaking, many Old Testament texts describe the darkening of sun and moon, which provides a ready background for Revelation 6 and Jesus’s predictions in the Olivet discourse about celestial signs ... Given the significant repertoire of images of cosmic destruction that the New Testament authors had available to them to depict the coming day of the Lord, we need to read the New Testament imagery of cosmic destruction in light of the Old Testament background, while making necessary allowances for the transformation of imagery that might have taken place between the Testaments. This is an important alternative to simply reading our own contemporary biases and perceptions into Scripture ..."
Middleton, J. Richard A New Heaven and a New Earth: Reclaiming Biblical Eschatology (pp. 181-182) Baker Academic, 2014