17 But to Adam he said, “Because you obeyed your wife and ate from the tree about which I commanded you, ‘You must not eat from it,’ the ground is cursed because of you; in painful toil you will eat of it all the days of your life. 18 It will produce thorns and thistles for you, but you will eat the grain of the field. 19 By the sweat of your brow you will eat food until you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you will return.” 20 The man named his wife Eve, because she was the mother of all the living. 21 The Lord God made garments from skin for Adam and his wife, and clothed them.
Date: 5th Century B.C.E. (Final composition) (based on scholarly estimates)
18 I also thought to myself, “It is for the sake of people, so God can clearly show them that they are like animals. 19 For the fate of humans and the fate of animals are the same: As one dies, so dies the other; both have the same breath. There is no advantage for humans over animals, for both are fleeting. 20Both go to the same place; both come from the dust, and to dust both return.21 Who really knows if the human spirit ascends upward, and the animal’s spirit descends into the earth?” 22 So I perceived there is nothing better than for people to enjoy their work because that is their reward; for who can show them what the future holds?
Date: 3rd Century B.C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)