Ancient Near East
- Ecclesiastes 2:5 - Song of Solomon 4:13
- Ecclesiastes 3:20 - Genesis 3:19
- Ecclesiastes 5:4 - Deuteronomy 23:21
- Ecclesiastes 5:15 - Job 1:21
- Ecclesiastes 6:3 - Job 3:16
- Ecclesiastes 8:4 - Job 9:12
- Ecclesiastes 8:11 - Genesis 8:21
- Ecclesiastes 10:8 - Proverbs 26:27
- Ecclesiastes 11:9 - Numbers 15:39
- Ecclesiastes 12:7 - Genesis 2:7
- Ecclesiastes 12:13 - Psalm 111:10
Date: 3rd Century B.C.E.
As literature, Ecclesiastes belongs, along with Proverbs, Job, and some other sections of the Bible, in the category of wisdom. Wisdom texts reflect on the nature of the world and the God who created and controls it, and on the place of humans in this divine creation. These observations are usually presented as the work of one or more sages, who arrive at the observations by exercising wisdom-a faculty based on their own experience and that of other sages before them, and sometimes also on divine revelation. But whether from experience or revelation, the wisdom is regularly understood to have God as its ultimate source.