Genesis 15:19

Hebrew Bible

17 When the sun had gone down and it was dark, a smoking firepot with a flaming torch passed between the animal parts. 18 That day the Lord made a covenant with Abram: “To your descendants I give this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates River— 19 the land of the Kenites, Kenizzites, Kadmonites, 20 Hittites, Perizzites, Rephaites, 21 Amorites, Canaanites, Girgashites, and Jebusites.

Jubilees 14:18


17 And he awoke from his sleep, and he arose, and the sun had set; and there was a flame, and behold ! a furnace was smoking, and a flame of fire passed between the pieces. 18 And on that day the Lord made a covenant with Abram, saying: 'To thy seed will I give this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates, the Kenites, the Kenizzites, the Kadmonites, the Perizzites, and the Rephaim, the Phakorites, and the Hivites, and the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites. 19 And the day passed, and Abram offered the pieces, and the birds, and their fruit offerings, and their drink offerings, and the fire devoured them.

Genesis Rabbah 44:23


Rabbi Dustai said in the name of Rabbi Shmuel bar Nachman, since it does not mention the Hivites here, it brings the Rephaim instead. Rabbi Chelbo in the name of Rabbi Abba in the name of Rabbi Yochanan said, Such arose in the mind of the omnipresent to bequeath to Israel the land of ten nations, the Kenites, the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites, but he only gave them seven, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Rephaim, the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Girgashites, and the Jebusites. [. . .] Which are the three that he did not give to them. Rabbi says Arabia, Shalmaite, and Nabataea. Rabbi Shimon ben Yochai says Damascus, Asia, and Hispania. Rabbi Eliezer ben Yaakov said Asia, Thracia, and Carthage. The Rabbis say Edom, Moab, and the first of the sons of Ammon. They are the three that were not given to [Israel] in this world. Edom as it says (Deuteronomy 2:5) "For I will not give you of their land so much as a foot can tread on; I have given the hill country of Seir as a possession to Esau." And regarding Moab it is written, (Deuteronomy 2:9) "Do not harass the Moabites or provoke them to war." The Kenizzites are from Esau, the Kenites and the Kadmonites are from Ammon and Moab. But in the days of the Messiah they will return and become Israel's to fulfil the statement of The Holy One Blessed is He. However, presently He gave seven to [Israel] as it says (Deuteronomy 7:1) "Seven nations much larger than you." Rabbi Yitzhak said, a sow feeds ten and a ewe has not even one. All these The Holy One Blessed is He said to Abraham that He would give him, " the Kenites, the Kenizzites etc." and still (Genesis 16:1) "Sarai, Abram’s wife, had borne him no children."

 Notes and References

"... The last difference can be found in the list of nations (Genesis 15:19–21; Jubilees 14:18). The mention of Hittites in the list of nations (Genesis 15:20) is not taken over by Jubilees, whereas the Pharokites and the Hivites are added to the list. One can possibly see the Hivites as a variation of the Hittites. However, the Hivites do occur in the Septuagint and the Samaritan pentateuch of Genesis 15:19–21. (See Genesis Rabbah 44:23, where it is explained by the Hevites are not in the list of Genesis 15) It is possible, therefore, that the Hivites were mentioned in the text of Genesis that the author of Jubilees had in front of him. It is not completely clear why he omitted the Hittites, since both groups (the Hittites and the Hivites) appear together in comparable lists of nations (compare Exodus 3:8; Deuteronomy 7:3; Joshua 3:10; Judges 3:5; 1 Kings 9:20; 2 Chronicles 8:7) ..."

van Ruiten, J. Abraham in the Book of Jubilees: The Rewriting of Genesis 11:26-25:10 in the Book of Jubilees 11:14-23:8 (p. 130) Brill, 2012

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