Genesis 14:15

Hebrew Bible

14 When Abram heard that his nephew had been taken captive, he mobilized his 318 trained men who had been born in his household, and he pursued the invaders as far as Dan. 15 Then, during the night, Abram divided his forces against them and defeated them. He chased them as far as Hobah, which is north of Damascus. 16 He retrieved all the stolen property. He also brought back his nephew Lot and his possessions, as well as the women and the rest of the people. 17 After Abram returned from defeating Kedorlaomer and the kings who were with him, the king of Sodom went out to meet Abram in the Valley of Shaveh (known as the King’s Valley).

LXX Genesis 14:15


14 And when Abram heard that his kinsman Lot had been taken captive, he counted his own homebreds, three hundred eighteen, and chased after them as far as Dan. 15 And he fell upon them during the night, he and his servants, and smote them and chased them away to Choba, which is on the left of Damascus. 16 Then he brought back all the cavalry of Sodoma, and he brought back his kinsman Lot and his pos- sessions and the women and the people. 17 Now after he had returned from the slaughter of Chodollogomor and the kings who were with him, the king of Sodoma went out to meet him at the valley of Saue (this was the plain of a king).

 Notes and References

"... There are other types of contexts in which the sort of translationese illustrated above is exhibited. The specification of directions is a case in point. Genesis 14:15, for example, states the following with respect to how far Abram pursues the forces that have taken Lot captive... Although that may well have been what the LXX translator understood the Hebrew to mean, his Greek readership would not readily have picked that up apart from knowledge of the Hebrew idiom ..."

Hiebert, Robert J. V. Translation Technique in the Septuagint of Genesis and its Implications for the NETS Version (pp. 76-93) International Organization for Septuagint and Cognate Studies, Vol. 33, 2000

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