3 When he brought me there, I saw a man whose appearance was like bronze, with a linen cord and a measuring stick in his hand. He was standing in the gateway. 4 The man said to me, “Son of man, watch closely, listen carefully, and pay attention to everything I show you, for you have been brought here so that I can show it to you. Tell the house of Israel everything you see.” 5 I saw a wall all around the outside of the temple. In the man’s hand was a measuring stick 10½ feet long. He measured the thickness of the wall as 10½ feet and its height as 10½ feet. 6 Then he went to the gate facing east. He climbed its steps and measured the threshold of the gate as 10½ feet deep. 7 The alcoves were 10½ feet long and 10½ feet wide; between the alcoves were 8¾ feet. The threshold of the gate by the porch of the gate facing inward was 10½ feet. 8 Then he measured the porch of the gate facing inward as 10½ feet. 9 He measured the porch of the gate as 14 feet and its jambs as 3½ feet; the porch of the gate faced inward.
13 There are three gates on the east side, three gates on the north side, three gates on the south side, and three gates on the west side. 14 The wall of the city has twelve foundations, and on them are the twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. 15 The angel who spoke to me had a golden measuring rod with which to measure the city and its foundation stones and wall. 16 Now the city is laid out as a square, its length and width the same. He measured the city with the measuring rod at 1,400 miles (its length and width and height are equal). 17 He also measured its wall, 144 cubits according to human measurement, which is also the angel’s. 18 The city’s wall is made of jasper and the city is pure gold, like transparent glass.
Notes and References
"... Along with a succession of scholars, such as Vanhoye and Vogelgesang, I was impressed by the structural parallels between Ezekiel and Revelation, culminating in the extensive similarities between John’s vision of the New Jerusalem and Ezekiel’s vision of a restored temple. However, the climactic moment of John’s vision is the declaration that there is no temple in the New Jerusalem because its temple is the “Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb” (21:22). It would appear that John wishes his readers to think of Ezekiel’s vision of a restored temple only to confront them with a negation; the new Jerusalem does not have a temple. This is not simply fulfilment but a radical reinterpretation of Ezekiel’s vision ..."
Moyise, Steve Intertextuality and the Use of Scripture in the Book of Revelation (pp. 391-401) Scriptura 84, 2003