Ezekiel 28:13

Hebrew Bible

12 “Son of man, sing a lament for the king of Tyre, and say to him, ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: “‘You were the sealer of perfection, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty. 13 You were in Eden, the garden of God. Every precious stone was your covering, the ruby, topaz, and emerald, the chrysolite, onyx, and jasper, the sapphire, turquoise, and beryl; your settings and mounts were made of gold. On the day you were created they were prepared. 14 I placed you there with an anointed guardian cherub; you were on the holy mountain of God; you walked about amidst fiery stones.

LXX Ezekiel 28:13


12 Son of man, take up a lament over the ruler of Tyre, and say to him, This is what the Lord says: You were a signet in likeness and a crown of beauty. 13 In the delight of the orchard of God you were born; you have bound on every fine stone, carnelian and topaz and emerald and carbuncle and lapis lazuli and jasper and silver and gold and ligyrion and agate and amethyst and chrysolite and beryl and onyx. And you filled with gold your treasuries and your storerooms among you. 14 From the day you were created, I placed you with the cherub in a holy, divine mountain; you were born in the midst of fiery stones.

 Notes and References

"... The idea that the Sabbath was a festive day comes from Isaiah 58:13, which calls it a day of “delight” (LXX: tryphera), a word that evokes the garden of Eden since Genesis 3:23–24 LXX calls Eden a garden of delight (tryphē). Similarly, while the Hebrew of Ezekiel refers to the garden of Eden (Ezekiel 28:13; 31:9), the LXX translator renders the Hebrew as “the garden of delight” (ho paradeisos tēs tryphēs). Philo calls the feast a symbol of the joy of the soul, using a term that includes and perhaps refers specifically to the Sabbath, a day on which it is fitting to be thankful to God. Elsewhere he says that Jews spend the Sabbath cheerfully and in tranquility. This understanding of the Sabbath is also implicit in the widespread prohibition of fasting on the Sabbath that can be found at Qumran, in Jubilees, and in later rabbinic literature. While not an explicit prohibition of fasting, the book of Judith portrays its protagonist fasting all the days of her widowhood except on the day before the Sabbath, on the Sabbath itself, and on festival days, because these were joyful days (Judith 8:6) ..."

Thiessen, Matthew Jesus and the Forces of Death: The Gospels’ Portrayal of Ritual Impurity within First-Century Judaism (pp. 215-216) Baker Academic, 2020

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