Ezekiel 22:25

Hebrew Bible

23 The Lord’s message came to me: 24 “Son of man, say to her: ‘You are a land that receives no rain or showers in the day of my anger.’ 25 Her princes within her are like a roaring lion tearing its prey; they have devoured lives. They take away riches and valuable things; they have made many women widows within it. 26 Her priests abuse my law and have desecrated my holy things. They do not distinguish between the holy and the profane or recognize any distinction between the unclean and the clean. They ignore my Sabbaths, and I am profaned in their midst.

1 Peter 5:8

New Testament

6 And God will exalt you in due time, if you humble yourselves under his mighty hand 7 by casting all your cares on him because he cares for you. 8 Be sober and alert. Your enemy the devil, like a roaring lion, is on the prowl looking for someone to devour. 9 Resist him, strong in your faith, because you know that your brothers and sisters throughout the world are enduring the same kinds of suffering.

 Notes and References

"... Particularly notable, however, is Psalm 22:13, where the psalmist laments concerning his enemies who “open wide their mouth at me, as a ravening and a roaring lion” that arguably resembles most closely the language in 1 Peter 5:8 of the devil “as a roaring lion” (ὡς λέων ὠρυόμενος). Consequently, this psalm has frequently been seen as “the apparent source of Peter’s imagery,” with some such as Peter H. Davids more confidently asserting that “the image is surely drawn from Psalm 22:13,” though not all have been persuaded of this connection. Charles Bigg has suggested that 1 Peter 5:8 is a composite reference, drawing partly from the prowling lion in Psalm 22:13 and the prowling slanderer of Job. If so, the roaming of ὁ διάβολος in 1 Peter 5:8 (περιπατέω) would mirror the roaming of ὁ διάβολος in Job 1:7 (περιέρχομαι; cf. διαπορεύομαι in 2:2) and in both texts God’s sovereignty would be upheld even when he permits trials from the devil for the testing his servants. Alternatively, Craig S. Keener identifies Ezekiel 22:25, 28 as “the passage that most likely provides some of the wording here” wherein the false prophets “were, as here, like a roaring lion devouring lives.” ..."

Hallstrom, Tyler Like a Lion: Mapping the Leonine Metaphor in 1 Peter 5:8 (pp. 535-552) JETS 65/3, 2022

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