Exodus 9:18

Hebrew Bible

16 But for this purpose I have caused you to stand: to show you my strength, and so that my name may be declared in all the earth. 17 You are still exalting yourself against my people by not releasing them. 18 I am going to cause very severe hail to rain down about this time tomorrow, such hail as has never occurred in Egypt from the day it was founded until now. 19 So now, send instructions to gather your livestock and all your possessions in the fields to a safe place. Every person or animal caught in the field and not brought into the house—the hail will come down on them, and they will die!”’”

Wisdom of Solomon 16:16


14 A person in wickedness kills another, but cannot bring back the departed spirit, or set free the imprisoned soul. 15 To escape from your hand is impossible; 16 for the ungodly, refusing to know you, were flogged by the strength of your arm, pursued by unusual rains and hail and relentless storms, and utterly consumed by fire. 17 For—most incredible of all—in water, which quenches all things, the fire had still greater effect, for the universe defends the righteous. 18 At one time the flame was restrained, so that it might not consume the creatures sent against the ungodly, but that seeing this they might know that they were being pursued by the judgment of God;

 Notes and References

"... Seventh Plague: Hail (Exodus 9:13-35) ... Psalm 78 describes the plague of hail in relatively naturalistic terms. The “fire” mentioned in Exodus is interpreted as lighting; God brings a storm upon the Egyptians. The book of Wisdom, however, understands this fire in what seems to be a miraculous and eschatological sense. The water and fire wondrously coexist. The universe is not self-moving but is a kind of instrument that becomes transparent to the mystery of God’s justice. (Wisdom of Solomon 16:16-17) The Creator works through all things—including the elements of nature—for the sake of his chosen people. It should be noted that the author of Wisdom perceives in Exodus the revelation of the mysterious power of God even to transform the physical cosmos, rendering it transparent to spiritual purity ..."

White, Thomas Joseph Brazos Theological Commentary on the Bible: Exodus (pp. 121-122) Brazos Press, 2016

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