Exodus 32:9

Hebrew Bible

7 The Lord spoke to Moses, “Go quickly, descend, because your people, whom you brought up from the land of Egypt, have acted corruptly. 8 They have quickly turned aside from the way that I commanded them—they have made for themselves a molten calf and have bowed down to it and sacrificed to it and said, ‘These are your gods, O Israel, which brought you up from the land of Egypt.’” 9 Then the Lord said to Moses, “I have seen this people. Look what a stiff-necked people they are! 10 So now, leave me alone so that my anger can burn against them and I can destroy them, and I will make from you a great nation.” 11 But Moses sought the favor of the Lord his God and said, “O Lord, why does your anger burn against your people, whom you have brought out from the land of Egypt with great power and with a mighty hand?

Acts 7:51

New Testament

49 ‘Heaven is my throne, and earth is the footstool for my feet. What kind of house will you build for me, says the Lord, or what is my resting place? 50 Did my hand not make all these things?’ 51You stubborn people, with uncircumcised hearts and ears! You are always resisting the Holy Spirit, like your ancestors did! 52 Which of the prophets did your ancestors not persecute? They killed those who foretold long ago the coming of the Righteous One, whose betrayers and murderers you have now become! 53 You received the law by decrees given by angels, but you did not obey it.”

 Notes and References

"... Stephen’s emphasis in 7:33, as in much of the speech, is that God is not confined to Jerusalem’s temple. The “holy place” recalls the charge of 6:13 regarding the temple (as in 21:28; Matthew 24:15). The mentioning of God’s plan to deliver his people (Acts 7:34) quotes much of Exodus 3:7, plus lines from 3:8, 10. The mistreatment (κάκωσιν) of the people recalls that Pharaoh mistreated (ἐκάκωσεν) the people of Israel in Acts 7:19. Exodus 3:7’s “cry” (κραυγῆς) becomes “groan” (στεναγμοῦ) in view of the groaning of his people that God heard in Exodus 2:24; 6:5 (the quotation suggests composite allusions to the context). Acts 7:34 condenses much of the content of Exodus 3:7–8 into three parallel statements of God’s activity: he has seen, heard, and come down to deliver them. A midrashic reading might connect God seeing his people here with God seeing their disobedience in Exodus 32:9 (which uses “this people” rather than “my people” in the context of God calling them Moses’s people; compare 32:7, 11). Stephen will soon mine that context ..."

Keener, Craig S. Acts: An Exegetical Commentary, Volume 2 (pp. 1399-1400) Baker Academic, 2014

 User Comments

Do you have questions or comments about these texts? Please submit them here.