Exodus 21:6

Hebrew Bible

5 But if the servant should declare, ‘I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free,’ 6 then his master must bring him to the judges, and he will bring him to the door or the doorpost, and his master will pierce his ear with an awl, and he shall serve him forever. 7 “If a man sells his daughter as a female servant, she will not go out as the male servants do.

LXX Exodus 21:6


5 And if the servant should answer and say, I love my master and wife and children, I will not go away free; 6 his master shall bring him to the judgment-seat of God, and then shall he bring him to the door,—to the door-post, and his master shall bore his ear through with an awl, and he shall serve him for ever. 7 And if any one sell his daughter as a domestic, she shall not depart as the maid-servants depart.

 Notes and References

"... The apodosis of the ἐάν + subjective of verse 5 is explained in verse 6. In that case, his master should lead him 'to the judgment-seat of God' πρὸς τὸ κριτήριον τοῦ θεοῦ. Presumably the reference is to the sanctuary, or even the altar. Exodus's 'judgment-seat' κριτήριον occurs only seven times in the entire LXX (Exodus 21:6; Judges 5:10; 3 Kingdoms 7:44; Susanna [Theodotion] 49; Daniel 7:10; Daniel [Theodotion]. 7:10, 26). It is used for a place or seat of judgment from which one in authority pronounces legal decisions. In Classical usages, it can refer to either the means or standard for judging or a court of judgment. Here the one presiding is clearly expressed as “God” ..."

Gurtner, Daniel M. Exodus: A Commentary on the Greek Text of Codex Vaticanus (pp. 385-386) Brill, 2013

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