Exodus 16:35

Hebrew Bible

30 So the people rested on the seventh day. 31 The house of Israel called its name “manna.” It was like coriander seed and was white, and it tasted like wafers with honey. 32 Moses said, “This is what the Lord has commanded: ‘Fill an omer with it to be kept for generations to come, so that they may see the food I fed you in the wilderness when I brought you out from the land of Egypt.’” 33 Moses said to Aaron, “Take a jar and put in it an omer full of manna, and place it before the Lord to be kept for generations to come.” 34 Just as the Lord commanded Moses, so Aaron placed it before the ark of the testimony for safekeeping. 35 Now the Israelites ate manna 40 years, until they came to a land that was inhabited; they ate manna until they came to the border of the land of Canaan.

Matthew 4.2

New Testament

1 Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil. 2 After he fasted 40 days and 40 nights he was famished. 3 The tempter came and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, command these stones to become bread.” 4 But he answered, “It is written, ‘Man does not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of God.’” 5 Then the devil took him to the holy city, had him stand on the highest point of the temple, 6 and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down. For it is written, ‘He will command his angels concerning you’ and ‘with their hands they will lift you up, so that you will not strike your foot against a stone.’”

 Notes and References

"... The Gospel displays a striking Moses typology. It is especially strong in the infancy narrative and in the Sermon on the Mount, where Jesus sets his word over against things Moses said (5:21-48). Indeed, the Gospel begins by replaying the exodus:

  • Israel's deliverer is born (1:18-25, compare Exodus 2:1-2).
  • A wicked king sits upon the throne (2:1-15; compare Exodus 1:8-14).
  • That king slaughters Jewish infants (2:16; compare Exodus 1:15-22).
  • The hero's years after infancy go unrecounted.
  • He passes through the waters (3:13-17; compare Exodus 14:21-31).
  • He goes into the desert 4:1; compare Exodus 15:22).
  • He stays there for a period of time marked by forty units (4:2; Exodus 16:35).
  • Temptations comes in the form of hunger and idolatry. (4:3-4; Compare Exodus 16:2-8)
  • The deliverer goes up on a mountain (5:1; compare Exodus 19).
  • We learn the commandments. (5-7; compare Exodus 20-23)

Allison, Dale C. "The Embodiment of God's Will" in Gaventa, Beverly Roberts, and Richard B. Hays (eds.) Seeking the Identity of Jesus: A Pilgrimage (pp. 117-132) William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2008

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