Exodus 15:22

Hebrew Bible

18 The Lord will reign forever and ever! 19 For the horses of Pharaoh came with his chariots and his footmen into the sea, and the Lord brought back the waters of the sea on them, but the Israelites walked on dry land in the middle of the sea.” 20 Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a hand drum in her hand, and all the women went out after her with hand drums and with dances. 21 Miriam sang in response to them, “Sing to the Lord, for he has triumphed gloriously; the horse and its rider he has thrown into the sea.” 22 Then Moses led Israel to journey away from the Red Sea. They went out to the wilderness of Shur, walked for three days into the wilderness, and found no water. 23 Then they came to Marah, but they were not able to drink the waters of Marah, because they were bitter. (That is why its name was Marah.) 24 So the people murmured against Moses, saying, “What can we drink?”

Matthew 4:1

New Testament

1 Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil. 2 After he fasted 40 days and 40 nights he was famished. 3 The tempter came and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, command these stones to become bread.” 4 But he answered, “It is written, ‘Man does not live by bread alone, but by every word that comes from the mouth of God.’” 5 Then the devil took him to the holy city, had him stand on the highest point of the temple, 6 and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down. For it is written, ‘He will command his angels concerning you’ and ‘with their hands they will lift you up, so that you will not strike your foot against a stone.’”

 Notes and References

"... The Gospel displays a striking Moses typology. It is especially strong in the infancy narrative and in the Sermon on the Mount, where Jesus sets his word over against things Moses said (5:21-48). Indeed, the Gospel begins by replaying the exodus:

  • Israel's deliverer is born (1:18-25, compare Exodus 2:1-2).
  • A wicked king sits upon the throne (2:1-15; compare Exodus 1:8-14).
  • That king slaughters Jewish infants (2:16; compare Exodus 1:15-22).
  • The hero's years after infancy go unrecounted.
  • He passes through the waters (3:13-17; compare Exodus 14:21-31).
  • He goes into the desert 4:1; compare Exodus 15:22).
  • He stays there for a period of time marked by forty units (4:2; Exodus 16:35).
  • Temptations comes in the form of hunger and idolatry. (4:3-4; Compare Exodus 16:2-8)
  • The deliverer goes up on a mountain (5:1; compare Exodus 19).
  • We learn the commandments. (5-7; compare Exodus 20-23)

Allison, Dale C. "The Embodiment of God's Will" in Gaventa, Beverly Roberts, and Richard B. Hays (eds.) Seeking the Identity of Jesus: A Pilgrimage (pp. 117-132) William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2008

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