Exodus 12:40

Hebrew Bible

38 A mixed multitude also went up with them, and flocks and herds—a very large number of cattle. 39 They baked cakes of bread without yeast using the dough they had brought from Egypt, for it was made without yeast. Because they were thrust out of Egypt and were not able to delay, they could not prepare food for themselves either. 40 Now the length of time the Israelites lived in Egypt was 430 years. 41 At the end of the 430 years, on the very day, all the regiments of the Lord went out of the land of Egypt. 42 It was a night of vigil for the Lord to bring them out from the land of Egypt, and so on this night all Israel is to keep the vigil to the Lord for generations to come. Source

Date: 5th Century B.C.E. (Final composition) (based on scholarly estimates)

LXX Exodus 12:40

Septuagint

38 And a great mixed company went up with them, and sheep and oxen and very much cattle. 39 And they baked the dough which they brought out of Egypt, unleavened cakes, for it had not been leavened; for the Egyptians cast them out, and they could not remain, neither did they prepare provision for themselves for the journey. 40 And the sojourning of the children of Israel, while they sojourned in the land of Egypt and the land of Chanaan, was four hundred and thirty years. 41 And it came to pass after the four hundred and thirty years, all the forces of the Lord came forth out of the land of Egypt by night. 42 It is a watch kept to the Lord, so that he should bring them out of the land of Egypt; that very night is a watch kept to the Lord, so that it should be to all the children of Israel to their generations. Source

Date: 3rd Century B.C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

"... In an editorial aside, Exod reports the duration of the sojourn of the sons of Israēl in Egypt (vv. 40–42). On ExodA’s reading παροικήσις, see Wevers (1992, 263). A significant divergence occurs here in Exod. MT (also Syr; Targ Onq, Targ Neof I) reads that the time here involves the Israelite presence only “in Egypt” ..."

Gurtner, Daniel M. Exodus: A Commentary on the Greek Text of Codex Vaticanus (pp. 230-231) Brill, 2013

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.

"... In an editorial aside, Exod reports the duration of the sojourn of the sons of Israēl in Egypt (vv. 40–42). On ExodA’s reading παροικήσις, see Wevers (1992, 263). A significant divergence occurs here in Exod. MT (also Syr; Targ Onq, Targ Neof I) reads that the time here involves the Israelite presence only “in Egypt” ..."

Gurtner, Daniel M. Exodus: A Commentary on the Greek Text of Codex Vaticanus (pp. 230-231) Brill, 2013

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.