Dead Sea Scrolls

4Q418 2

4QInstruction

And now, O you foolish hearts, What good is to (someone) who is not... [What] is silence for someone who does not exist, and what is judgement if it has no foundation? Why do the dead groan over their ... ... you have been shaped and your return is to eternal destruction. For it shall wake up... your sin Darkness will roar against your dispute. And all those who will exist for ever, those who search truth will be aroused for your judgement [and then] all the foolish hearts will be destroyed, and the sons of injustice will be found no more, [and a]ll the supporters of wickedness will be put to shame. The foundations of the firmament scream at your judgement and all the ... will thunder. And you, elect of truth and pursuers of [righteousness and] jud[gement] ... guardians of all knowledge, how will you say: We labour for understanding and keep awake to pursue knowledge ... and be not weary in all the years of eternity. Will he not delight in truth for ever and knowledge... The s[ons of] heaven whose inheritance is eternal life, Will they indeed say: We have laboured in the works of truth and we exhausted ourselves in all the ages. Will they not walk in eternal light [and inherit g]lory and great splendour. And you, O son of [understanding] ...

Date: 160 B.C.E. - 60 B.C.E.
* Dates are based on scholarly estimates
New Testament

John 17:3

1 When Jesus had finished saying these things, he looked upward to heaven and said, “Father, the time has come. Glorify your Son, so that your Son may glorify you— 2 just as you have given him authority over all humanity, so that he may give eternal life to everyone you have given him. 3 Now this is eternal life—that they know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you sent. 4 I glorified you on earth by completing the work you gave me to do. 5 And now, Father, glorify me at your side with the glory I had with you before the world was created.

Date: 90-110 C.E.
* Dates are based on scholarly estimates