2 Kings 9:13

Hebrew Bible

11 When Jehu rejoined his master’s servants, they asked him, “Is everything all right? Why did this madman visit you?” He replied, “Ah, it’s not important. You know what kind of man he is and the kinds of things he says.” 12 But they said, “You’re lying! Tell us what he said.” So he told them what he had said. He also related how he had said, “This is what the Lord has said, ‘I have designated you as king over Israel.’” 13 Each of them quickly took off his cloak, and they spread them out at Jehu’s feet on the steps. The trumpet was blown and they shouted, “Jehu is king!” 14 Then Jehu son of Jehoshaphat son of Nimshi conspired against Joram.Jehu the AssassinNow Joram had been in Ramoth Gilead with the whole Israelite army, guarding against an invasion by King Hazael of Syria.

Matthew 21:8

New Testament

5 “Tell the people of Zion, ‘Look, your king is coming to you, unassuming and seated on a donkey, and on a colt, the foal of a donkey.’” 6 So the disciples went and did as Jesus had instructed them. 7 They brought the donkey and the colt and placed their cloaks on them, and he sat on them. 8 A very large crowd spread their cloaks on the road. Others cut branches from the trees and spread them on the road. 9 The crowds that went ahead of him and those following kept shouting, “Hosanna to the Son of David! Blessed is the one who comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest!” 10 As he entered Jerusalem the whole city was thrown into an uproar, saying, “Who is this?”

 Notes and References

"... The custom of spreading a garment, or some similar item, over an object to symbolize ownership, or the offer of protection, is familiar from other cultures. In Israel, when a man spreads his garment over a woman, the act denotes protection and possession and symbolizes the marriage tie. So Ruth asks Boaz to spread his protection over her and make her his wife, saying: ' ... I am Ruth, your handmaid, spread therefore your skirt over your handmaid, for you are a near kinsman (gb5Wl)" (Ruth 3:9). Similarly, in the parable of the prophet Ezekiel, God appears as the husband of Jerusalem saying: ' ... and I spread my skirt (kndpi) over you and covered your nakedness (Ezek. 16:8). (Compare the commentary on the Babylonian Talmud, Qiddulin 18b to Exodus 21:8: 'He shall have no right to sell her to a foreign people "bebigdo bah"' - 'seeing that he hath dealt deceitfully with her (be-bigedo bah): once he spread his cloak over her, he can no longer sell her' (I. Epstein, The Babylonian Talmud [London, 1936]). For another similar symbolic act involving a garment but connoting an opposite meaning, see 2 Kings 9:13. Here the men, who wanted to show their acceptance of Jehu's authority and their surrender to him, place their garments under him, on his seat. Compare with Matthew 21:8: coming to welcome Jesus, 'most of the crowd spread their garments on the way') ..."

Shupak, Nili A New Source for the Study of the Judiciary and Law of Ancient Egypt: "The Tale of the Eloquent Peasant" (pp. 1-18) Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Vol. 51, No. 1, 1992

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