2 Enoch 52:11

Pseudepigrapha (Secrets of Enoch)

9 Blessed is he who keeps the foundations of his fathers made firm from the beginning. 10 Cursed is he who perverts the decrees of his forefathers. 11 Blessed is he who imparts peace and love. 12 Cursed is he who disturbs those that love their neighbours. 13 Blessed is he who speaks with humble tongue and heart to all. Source

Date: 30 B.C.E - 70 C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

Matthew 5:9

New Testament

7 Blessed are the merciful, for they will be shown mercy. 8 Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God. 9 Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called the children of God. 10 Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness, for the kingdom of heaven belongs to them. 11 Blessed are you when people insult you and persecute you and say all kinds of evil things about you falsely on account of me. Source

Date: 70-90 C.E. (based on scholarly estimates)

"... In the seventh beatitude, blessedness is pronounced on the peacemakers, because “they will be called children of God”.56 The lexical study of the peacemakers in the preceding section shows that while peacemakers may refer to those who reconcile, it can also be used more broadly to refer to those who create shalom. There is further evidence from rabbinic and Jewish wisdom literature to show that peacemaking primarily refers to concrete steps to promote harmony within interpersonal relationships.57 Understood in this manner, peacemaking goes beyond non-violence or passively maintaining a state where hostility is absent; it is an active pursuit of harmonious relationships as intended by God. Generally speaking, peacemaking is not mediating peace between other people, but initiating one’s own peace with others. For this reason, an examination of Jesus’ teachings about interpersonal relationships in Matthew may provide hints as to what is intended by the “peacemakers” in 5:9. Within the Sermon on the Mount itself, there are at least three teachings concerning interpersonal relationships—Matt 5:23, 5:38–42, and 5:43–48––which are closely related to the idea of peacemaking in 5:9.59 They have to do with reconciliation and forgiveness, revenge, and loving one’s enemies.

57 E.g. 2 Enoch 52:11–13; Mek. Exod. 20:25."

Lo, Jonathan W. Sharing the Blessing of the Peacemaker: An Exegetical Analysis of Matt 5:9 (pp. 1-15) Hill Road Journal, 2014

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.

"... In the seventh beatitude, blessedness is pronounced on the peacemakers, because “they will be called children of God”.56 The lexical study of the peacemakers in the preceding section shows that while peacemakers may refer to those who reconcile, it can also be used more broadly to refer to those who create shalom. There is further evidence from rabbinic and Jewish wisdom literature to show that peacemaking primarily refers to concrete steps to promote harmony within interpersonal relationships.57 Understood in this manner, peacemaking goes beyond non-violence or passively maintaining a state where hostility is absent; it is an active pursuit of harmonious relationships as intended by God. Generally speaking, peacemaking is not mediating peace between other people, but initiating one’s own peace with others. For this reason, an examination of Jesus’ teachings about interpersonal relationships in Matthew may provide hints as to what is intended by the “peacemakers” in 5:9. Within the Sermon on the Mount itself, there are at least three teachings concerning interpersonal relationships—Matt 5:23, 5:38–42, and 5:43–48––which are closely related to the idea of peacemaking in 5:9.59 They have to do with reconciliation and forgiveness, revenge, and loving one’s enemies.

57 E.g. 2 Enoch 52:11–13; Mek. Exod. 20:25."

Lo, Jonathan W. Sharing the Blessing of the Peacemaker: An Exegetical Analysis of Matt 5:9 (pp. 1-15) Hill Road Journal, 2014

* The use of references are not endorsements of their contents. Please read the entirety of the provided reference(s) to understand the author's full intentions regarding the use of these texts.