2 Corinthians 11:2

New Testament

1 I wish that you would be patient with me in a little foolishness, but indeed you are being patient with me! 2 For I am jealous for you with godly jealousy, because I promised you in marriage to one husband, to present you as a pure virgin to Christ. 3 But I am afraid that just as the serpent deceived Eve by his treachery, your minds may be led astray from a sincere and pure devotion to Christ. 4 For if someone comes and proclaims another Jesus different from the one we proclaimed, or if you receive a different spirit than the one you received, or a different gospel than the one you accepted, you put up with it well enough!

Mishnah Taanit 4:8


Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel said: There were no days as joyous for the Jewish people as the fifteenth of Av and as Yom Kippur, as on them the daughters of Jerusalem would go out in white clothes, which each woman borrowed from another. Why were they borrowed? They did this so as not to embarrass one who did not have her own white garments. All the garments that the women borrowed require immersion, as those who previously wore them might have been ritually impure. And the daughters of Jerusalem would go out and dance in the vineyards. And what would they say? Young man, please lift up your eyes and see what you choose for yourself for a wife. Do not set your eyes toward beauty, but set your eyes toward a good family, as the verse states: “Grace is deceitful and beauty is vain, but a woman who fears the Lord, she shall be praised” (Proverbs 31:30), and it further says: “Give her the fruit of her hands, and let her works praise her in the gates” (Proverbs 31:31). And similarly, it says in another verse: “Go forth, daughters of Zion, and gaze upon King Solomon, upon the crown with which his mother crowned him on the day of his wedding, and on the day of the gladness of his heart” (Song of Songs 3:11). This verse is explained as an allusion to special days: “On the day of his wedding”; this is the giving of the Torah through the second set of tablets on Yom Kippur. The name King Solomon in this context, which also means king of peace, is interpreted as a reference to God. “And on the day of the gladness of his heart”; this is the building of the Temple, may it be rebuilt speedily in our days.

 Notes and References

"... The Temple as place of union between the divine and the human is the dwelling place of God's kedushah. It was imbued from early on with a nuptial meaning that gradually developed into the full-blown metaphor of Temple as nuptial chamber. For the prophets, Israel’s marital covenant with YHWH was inseparable from her worship, in most cases expressed negatively in her idolatry portrayed as fornication and adultery (Hosea 2:5-13; 4:10-19; Jeremiah 2:20; 7:1-34; Ezekiel 16:19; Isaiah 57:5-9). In wisdom literature, the figure of Lady Wisdom dwelling in the sanctuary (Sirach 24:10-11; 51:14; Wisdom of Solomon 9:4) and inviting men to embrace and love her implies that this union takes place in the Temple, already seen as a kind of nuptial chamber. The Temple also holds a prominent place in the rabbinical exegesis of the Song of Songs (compare mishnah Ta’anit 4:8), where events of the Exodus such as the Song at the Sea or the Sinai revelation are interpreted both nuptially and as referring to the Temple (Mekhilta Shirata 10; BaHodesh 2; Sifre Deuteronomy 6, 41) ..."

Villeneuve, André Nuptial Symbolism in Second Temple Writings, the New Testament and Rabbinic Literature (pp. 1-25) Brill, 2016

 User Comments

Do you have questions or comments about these texts? Please submit them here.