2 Chronicles 36:23

Hebrew Bible

21 This took place to fulfill the Lord’s message spoken through Jeremiah and lasted until the land experienced its sabbatical years. All the time of its desolation the land rested in order to fulfill the seventy years. 22 In the first year of King Cyrus of Persia, in fulfillment of the Lord’s message spoken through Jeremiah, the Lord motivated King Cyrus of Persia to issue a proclamation throughout his kingdom and also to put it in writing. It read: 23 “This is what King Cyrus of Persia says: ‘The Lord God of heaven has given me all the kingdoms of the earth. He has appointed me to build a temple for him in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Anyone of his people among you may go up there, and may the Lord his God be with him.’”

Matthew 4:8

New Testament

6 and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, throw yourself down. For it is written, ‘He will command his angels concerning you’ and ‘with their hands they will lift you up, so that you will not strike your foot against a stone.’” 7 Jesus said to him, “Once again it is written: ‘You are not to put the Lord your God to the test.’” 8 Again, the devil took him to a very high mountain, and showed him all the kingdoms of the world and their grandeur. 9 And he said to him, “I will give you all these things if you throw yourself to the ground and worship me.” 10 Then Jesus said to him, “Go away, Satan! For it is written: ‘You are to worship the Lord your God and serve only him.’”

 Notes and References

"... One of the most obvious motifs in Chronicles is the strong emphasis placed on the dominance of David. This emphasis also appears within Matthew’s genealogy. The name David appears five times and serves as a key dividing point in the summary statement in verse 17. Nolan points out that broadly within their books, the Chronicler and Matthew share similar theological themes: kingdom, Jerusalem, temple, David, the embrace of all Israel, and Gentile participation. He also posits that “phrases applied to 1 Chronicles 1–9 are equally true of Matthew, whose genealogy may be called a ‘sermon’ on the privileges of the messianic people, and a ‘panegyric’ on David”. Alongside the similar theological motifs are the structural similarities. These structural similarities involve the key dividing points of Israel’s history. Two key dividing points in both Chronicles and Matthew are David and the Exile (1:17). Both Matthew and Chronicles make particular note of the exile within their genealogies (1 Chronicles 3:17; 5:22; 8:6; 9:1; Matthew 1:11, 12, 17). Matthew utilizes the LXX at 1 Chronicles 5:22. The related cognate form occurs in 8:6. The ending of Matthew has also been observed by some scholars as resembling 2 Chronicles when it is claimed that Matthew 28:18–20 depends on 2 Chronicles 36:23. However, not everyone is convinced by this connection. While the connection is not especially strong, at the very least, by beginning with a genealogy and ending with an edict or commission, Matthew resembles Chronicles ..."

Kennedy, Joel The Recapitulation of Israel: Use of Israel’s History in Matthew 1:1-4:11 (p. 70) Mohr Siebeck, 2008

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