2 Chronicles 20:7

Hebrew Bible

5 Jehoshaphat stood before the assembly of Judah and Jerusalem at the Lord’s temple, in front of the new courtyard. 6 He prayed: “O Lord God of our ancestors, you are the God who lives in heaven and rules over all the kingdoms of the nations. You possess strength and power; no one can stand against you. 7 Our God, you drove out the inhabitants of this land before your people Israel and gave it as a permanent possession to the descendants of your friend Abraham. 8 They settled down in it and built in it a temple to honor you, saying, 9 ‘If disaster comes on us in the form of military attack, judgment, plague, or famine, we will stand in front of this temple before you, for you are present in this temple. We will cry out to you for help in our distress, so that you will hear and deliver us.’

James 2:23

New Testament

21 Was not Abraham our father justified by works when he offered Isaac his son on the altar? 22 You see that his faith was working together with his works and his faith was perfected by works. 23 And the scripture was fulfilled that says, “Now Abraham believed God and it was counted to him for righteousness,” and he was called God’s friend. 24 You see that a person is justified by works and not by faith alone. 25 And similarly, was not Rahab the prostitute also justified by works when she welcomed the messengers and sent them out by another way?

 Notes and References

"... That James is here in close touch with traditional Jewish interpretation of Abraham is, finally, confirmed by the way he continues the quotation from Genesis 15:6: Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness, and he was called the friend of God (2:23). This title for Abraham (whose scriptural sources are Isaiah 41:8; 2 Chronicles 20:7, but not in LXX) was closely connected in the tradition with the series of tests of which the Aqedah was the greatest, or more specifically with the Aqedah, when Abraham was willing even to sacrifice his beloved son because of his love for God (Jubilees 17:16; Philo, Abr. 271). In his faithfulness to God under test Abraham proved his love for God (m. ’Avot 5:3; 1 Clem. 10:1; compare CD 3:2–3): ‘he was found faithful and he was recorded as a friend of the Lord in the heavenly tablets’ (Jubilees 19:9; compare 17:18; 30:19–20) ..."

Bauckham, Richard James: Wisdom of James, Disciple of Jesus the Sage (p. 124) Routledge, 1999

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