1 Maccabees 1:54


50 He added, "And whoever does not obey the command of the king shall die." 51 In such words he wrote to his whole kingdom. He appointed inspectors over all the people and commanded the towns of Judah to offer sacrifice, town by town. 52 Many of the people, everyone who forsook the law, joined them, and they did evil in the land; 53 they drove Israel into hiding in every place of refuge they had. 54 Now on the fifteenth day of Chislev, in the one hundred forty-fifth year, they erected a desolating sacrilege on the altar of burnt offering. They also built altars in the surrounding towns of Judah, 55 and offered incense at the doors of the houses and in the streets.

Mark 13:14

New Testament

12 Brother will hand over brother to death, and a father his child. Children will rise against parents and have them put to death. 13 You will be hated by everyone because of my name. But the one who endures to the end will be saved. 14 “But when you see the abomination of desolation standing where it should not be” (let the reader understand), “then those in Judea must flee to the mountains. 15 The one on the roof must not come down or go inside to take anything out of his house. 16 The one in the field must not turn back to get his cloak. 17 Woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing their babies in those days!

 Notes and References

"... The internal evidence of Mark 13—the prophecy against the temple, the question about the prophecy, the setting on the Mount of Olives opposite the temple, and the discourse about the timing of the temple’s destruction—suggest that the “abomination of desolation” is (1) related to the temple; (2) negatively affects the temple, likely referring to a person or event that either corrupts the temple praxis or profanes the grounds, and (3) if 13:14 is in fact the answer to their question, the “abomination” signals the temple’s impending destruction. The intertextual evidence, that is, the Danielic contexts from which the phrase is taken, confirm this reading as Daniel uses the phrase to refer to an object that profanes the temple (See 1 Maccabees 1:54, in conjunction with Josephus, Ant. 12.5.4, which indicate that the “desolating sacrilege” of Daniel was a pagan altar built upon the temple altar) and eventuates in its destruction ..."

Sloan, Paul Mark 13 and the Return of the Shepherd: The Narrative Logic of Zechariah in Mark (pp. 181-182) T&T Clark, 2019

 User Comments

Do you have questions or comments about these texts? Please submit them here.