1 Enoch 96:4


3 Therefore, do not fear, you who have suffered; for healing shall be your portion, and a bright light shall illuminate you, and the voice of rest you shall hear from heaven. 4 Woe to you, sinners, for your riches make you appear like the righteous, but your hearts convict you of being sinners. This fact shall serve as a testimony against you as a memorial of your evil deeds. 5 Woe to you who consume the finest of the wheat and drink wine from large bowls, and trample the lowly with your might. 6 Woe to you who drink water from every fountain, for suddenly you shall be consumed and wither away, because you have forsaken the fountain of life. 7 Woe to you who practice unrighteousness, deceit, and blasphemy: it shall be a memorial against you for evil.

Revelation 3:17

New Testament

14 “To the angel of the church in Laodicea write the following: “This is the solemn pronouncement of the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the originator of God’s creation: 15 ‘I know your deeds, that you are neither cold nor hot. I wish you were either cold or hot! 16 So because you are lukewarm, and neither hot nor cold, I am going to vomit you out of my mouth! 17 Because you say, “I am rich and have acquired great wealth, and need nothing,” but do not realize that you are wretched, pitiful, poor, blind, and naked, 18 take my advice and buy gold from me refined by fire so you can become rich! Buy from me white clothing so you can be clothed and your shameful nakedness will not be exposed, and buy eye salve to put on your eyes so you can see! 19 All those I love, I rebuke and discipline. So be earnest and repent!

 Notes and References

"... This (verses 8–9) is the first instance in the Epistle in which the author attributes words to the opponents in order to expose their pretense; see also 98:7 (indirect speech), 102:6–8, 103:9, and 104:7 (compare also 103:5–6). In each of these instances, the quotation of the opponents is followed by a refutation of their claims (verse 10; 98:8; 102:9–103:4; 104:8). This rhetorical convention is influenced by biblical tradition, where it functions to expose insular self-delusions of the wicked. Among the many examples, see especially Psalm 10:13, Isaiah 29:15, Jeremiah 2:35; Sirach 11:19; 16:17–19; Wisdom of Solomon 2:1–20; Community Rule at 1QS ii 13–14. This mode of argumentation is frequently taken up in the New Testament (especially Matthew 23:30; Luke 12:19; James 4:13; 1 John 1:8, 10; Revelation 3:17 and 18:7, with the passages from Luke, James, and Revelation concerned with the false security of the rich) ..."

Stuckenbruck, Loren T. 1 Enoch 91-108 (p. 323) De Gruyter, 2007

 User Comments

Do you have questions or comments about these texts? Please submit them here.