1 Enoch 95:1


1 Oh that mine eyes were [a cloud of] waters That I might weep over you, And pour down my tears as a cloud †of† waters: That so I might rest from my trouble of heart! 2 †Who has permitted you to practice reproaches and wickedness? And so judgement shall overtake you, sinners. † 3 Fear not the sinners, ye righteous; For again will the Lord deliver them into your hands, That ye may execute judgement upon them according to your desires. 4 Woe to you who fulminate anathemas which cannot be reversed: Healing shall therefore be far from you because of your sins. 5 Woe to you who requite your neighbour with evil; For ye shall be requited according to your works.

Philippians 3:18

New Testament

17 Be imitators of me, brothers and sisters, and watch carefully those who are living this way, just as you have us as an example. 18 For many live, about whom I have often told you, and now, with tears, I tell you that they are the enemies of the cross of Christ. 19 Their end is destruction, their god is the belly, they exult in their shame, and they think about earthly things. 20 But our citizenship is in heaven—and we also eagerly await a savior from there, the Lord Jesus Christ, 21 who will transform these humble bodies of ours into the likeness of his glorious body by means of that power by which he is able to subject all things to himself.

 Notes and References

"... In Philippians 3:18, Paul adopts a new mode of speech: he speaks “in tears” (κλαίων λέγω). By doing so, he takes on the part of an apocalyptic prophet.26 The seers in Jewish apocalypses proclaim the end of the godless in the age to come,27 and sometimes, emphasize their curse by weeping and crying. Thus, in the midst of woes against the violent and the rich, Enoch wishes [in 1 Enoch 95] ... Paul’s tears likewise express his despair.29 The godless in this case are called “enemies of the cross.” As in 3:2, Paul has no explicit criticism,30 but rather he reveals a separation that, as in 1 Corinthians 1:18, 2 Corinthians 2:15, and Romans 9:22–23, has divided humanity in two groups, namely the lost and the saved. However, as in many apocalyptic writings, the issue is not how the lost might yet be saved, but how to interpret reality for those who suffer at the hands of the godless ..."

Standhartinger, Angela "Apocalyptic Thought in Philippians" The Jewish Apocalyptic Tradition and the Shaping of New Testamenmt Thought, edited by Loren T. Stuckenbruck (pp. 237-238) Fortress Press, 2017

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