1 Enoch 94:7


6 Woe to those who build unrighteousness and oppression and lay deceit as a foundation; for they shall be suddenly overthrown, and they shall have no peace. 7 Woe to those who build their houses with sin; for from all their foundations shall they be overthrown, and by the sword shall they fall. [And those who acquire gold and silver in judgement suddenly shall perish.] 8 Woe to you, you rich, for you have trusted in your riches, and from your riches shall you depart, because you have not remembered the Most High in the days of your riches. 9 You have committed blasphemy and unrighteousness, and have become ready for the day of slaughter, and the day of darkness and the day of the great judgement. 10 Thus I speak and declare to you: He who created you will overthrow you, and for your fall there shall be no compassion, and your Creator will rejoice at your destruction. 11 And your righteous ones in those days shall be a reproach to the sinners and the godless.

Luke 6:24

New Testament

20 Then he looked up at his disciples and said: “Blessed are you who are poor, for the kingdom of God belongs to you. 21 Blessed are you who hunger now, for you will be satisfied. Blessed are you who weep now, for you will laugh. 22 Blessed are you when people hate you, and when they exclude you and insult you and reject you as evil on account of the Son of Man! 23 Rejoice in that day, and jump for joy because your reward is great in heaven. For their ancestors did the same things to the prophets. 24 But woe to you who are rich, for you have received your comfort already. 25 Woe to you who are well satisfied with food now, for you will be hungry. Woe to you who laugh now, for you will mourn and weep. 26 Woe to you when all people speak well of you, for their ancestors did the same things to the false prophets.

 Notes and References

"... The "woes" in verses 24-26 are the exact counterparts of the beatitudes. These 'woes' address more directly the disciples for whom the SP is composed and might seem almost like curses if they were not given on the condition that the addressees actually meet the descriptions of people rich, satisfied, laughing, and being liked by everyone. Since the disciples are warned against this condition, the 'woes' amount not to curses but to mere threats, although pronounced with solemnity and definiteness ... Series of beatitudes and 'woes' are found in prophetic, apocalyptic, and wisdom literature (e.g., Isaiah 3:9, 11; 5:8-22; Ecclesiastes 10:16-17; Tobit 13:12, I4; 2 Baruch 10:6-7; 1 Enoch 94-103; 2 Enoch 42; 52). The "woes" in Special Luke/Luke 6:24-26, however, serve a didactic and parenetical purpose, with eschatological but not highly apocalyptic overtones ..."

Betz, Hans Dieter, and Adela Yarbro Collins The Sermon on the Mount: A Commentary on the Sermon on the Mount, Including the Sermon on the Plain (p. 586) Fortress Press, 1995

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