1 Enoch 9:4


1 And then Michael, Uriel, Raphael, and Gabriel looked down from heaven and saw much blood being shed upon the earth, and all lawlessness being wrought upon the earth. 2 And they said one to another: 'The earth made †without inhabitant cries the voice of their crying† up to the gates of heaven. 3 ⌈⌈And now to you, the holy ones of heaven⌉⌉, the souls of men make their suit, saying, "Bring our cause before the Most High.".' 4 And they said to the Lord of the ages: 'Lord of lords, God of gods, King of kings, 〈and God of the ages〉, the throne of Thy glory (standeth) unto all the generations of the ages, and Thy name holy and glorious and blessed unto all the ages! 5 Thou hast made all things, and power over all things hast Thou: and all things are naked and open in Thy sight, and Thou seest all things, and nothing can hide itself from Thee. 6 Thou seest what Azâzêl hath done, who hath taught all unrighteousness on earth and revealed the eternal secrets which were (preserved) in heaven, which men were striving to learn: 7 And Semjâzâ, to whom Thou hast given authority to bear rule over his associates. 8 And they have gone to the daughters of men upon the earth, and have slept with the women, and have defiled themselves, and revealed to them all kinds of sins.

Revelation 17:14

New Testament

12 The ten horns that you saw are ten kings who have not yet received a kingdom, but will receive ruling authority as kings with the beast for one hour. 13 These kings have a single intent, and they will give their power and authority to the beast. 14 They will make war with the Lamb, but the Lamb will conquer them, because he is Lord of lords and King of kings, and those accompanying the Lamb are the called, chosen, and faithful.” 15 Then the angel said to me, “The waters you saw (where the prostitute is seated) are peoples, multitudes, nations, and languages. 16 The ten horns that you saw, and the beast—these will hate the prostitute and make her desolate and naked. They will consume her flesh and burn her up with fire. 17 For God has put into their minds to carry out his purpose by making a decision to give their royal power to the beast until the words of God are fulfilled. 18 As for the woman you saw, she is the great city that has sovereignty over the kings of the earth.”

 Notes and References

"... The basis for the lamb's victory lies in the fact that He is 'Lord of Lords and King of Kings.' This precise title occurs only twice in biblically-related material previous to the N.T., i.e., 1 Enoch 9:4 and Daniel 4:37 (LXX). It is possible that the 1 Enoch 9 reference is in mind, since its context concerns eschatological judgment (i.e., of the fallen Watchers), as does that of Revelation 17. However, Daniel 4:37 (LXX) is the more probable influence for the following reasons. (1) The wording of Daniel is closer to that of Revelation. (2) Whereas the Enoch phrase forms part of an address to God, in Daniel and Revelation it is viewed as the causal basis of the divine power to take away the rule of evil kings. (3) Almost the same title appears also in the LXX of Daniel 2:37, 47 and 3:2 so that these three texts together with Daniel 4:37 (LXX) could have formed a collective impression upon John ..."

Beale, G. K. The Use of Daniel in Jewish Apocalyptic Literature and in the Revelation of St. John (pp. 262-263) Wipf & Stock, 2010

 User Comments

Do you have questions or comments about these texts? Please submit them here.