1 Enoch 69:11


9 He taught mankind how to write with ink and paper, which led many to sin from then until today. 10 For men were not created to affirm their promises with pen and ink. 11 For humans were not created to be different from the angels, so that they should remain pure and righteous, and death, which corrupts everything, would not have affected them. But through this knowledge, they perish, and this power consumes us. 12 The fifth, Kâsdêjâ, revealed to the children of men all the evil afflictions of spirits and demons, the smiting of embryos in the womb to cause miscarriage, and the bites of the serpent, and the afflictions that occur at noon, the son of the serpent named Tabâêt.

Matthew 22:30

New Testament

28 In the resurrection, therefore, whose wife of the seven will she be? For they all had married her.” 29 Jesus answered them, “You are deceived because you don’t know the scriptures or the power of God. 30 For in the resurrection they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven. 31 Now as for the resurrection of the dead, have you not read what was spoken to you by God, 32 ‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’? He is not the God of the dead but of the living!”

 Notes and References

"... In the context of Matthew 22:30 the idea of being like angels may imply abstinence and purity, which, again, indicates complete righteousness. Elsewhere in Matthew angels are those who see the face of God (18:10). This also indicates righteousness and purity (5:8). A look at the parallel passage in Luke may provide further insight into the meaning of being like angels. “Indeed they cannot die anymore, because they are like angels and are children of God, being children of the resurrection.” (Luke 20:36). In Luke there is an emphasis on the immortality of the righteous in the age to come. This may simply provide the reason for absence of marriage, since immortality obviates the need for progeny, a reason that may also be implicitly present in Matthew. The explicit statement of immortality and furthermore becoming the children of God through the resurrection, however, clearly indicates a new state of being. I have already touched upon the possible Urzeit-Endzeit correlations with the description of the final state of the righteous by mentioning Adam and Eve's loss of glory in Apocalypse of Moses above. This possibility is further strengthened in light of 1 Enoch 69:11 ... These quotes indicate that the idea that humanity was created to be like angels was present in first-century Judaism. That Adam and Eve ate angelic food in the garden of Eden according to Life of Adam and Eve 4:2 may also indicate that. The thought of Adam as an angel is also found in Ezekiel 28:14 in a passage where the fall of the king of Tyre is described in terms of the fall of Adam: “You were an anointed cherub.” (Ezekiel 28:14a) ..."

Holmgaard, Christian On Earth as it is in Heaven: New Creation in Matthew’s Gospel (p. 228) Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, 2018

 User Comments

Do you have questions or comments about these texts? Please submit them here.