1 Enoch 61:5


3 And the angel who went with me said unto me: 'These shall bring the measures of the righteous, And the ropes of the righteous to the righteous, That they may stay themselves on the name of the Lord of Spirits for ever and ever. 4 The elect shall begin to dwell with the elect, And those are the measures which shall be given to faith And which shall strengthen righteousness. 5 And these measures shall reveal all the secrets of the depths of the earth, And those who have been destroyed by the desert, And those who have been devoured by the beasts, And those who have been devoured by the fish of the sea, That they may return and stay themselves On the day of the Elect One; For none shall be destroyed before the Lord of Spirits, And none can be destroyed.

Revelation 20:13

New Testament

11 Then I saw a large white throne and the one who was seated on it; the earth and the heaven fled from his presence, and no place was found for them. 12 And I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne. Then books were opened, and another book was opened—the book of life. So the dead were judged by what was written in the books, according to their deeds. 13 The sea gave up the dead that were in it, and Death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them, and each one was judged according to his deeds. 14 Then Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death—the lake of fire. 15 If anyone’s name was not found written in the book of life, that person was thrown into the lake of fire.

 Notes and References

"... More important than the precise literary relationships are the views of resurrection expressed in these texts. 1 Enoch 61:5 deals with a problem in the old concept of resurrection as the return of the dead from Sheol. Since Old Testament thought did not distinguish sharply between the grave and the underworld, those who are in Sheol are those who have been buried. But the question may then arise: what of those who are not buried? 1 Enoch 61:5 mentions three examples: those who die in the desert where there is noone to bury them, those who die at sea and are eaten by fish, those who are eaten by wild animals. (Sib Or 2:236-237, perhaps with Christian martyrdoms by burning in mind, adds another such category: those consumed by fire.) Can these people too 'return' and 'rely on the day of the Chosen One' (the day of resurrection)? The author states that they too are in Sheol ('the depths of the earth'). They appear to be destroyed, but in God's sight ('before the Lord of Spirits') noone can be destroyed. It is noteworthy that although the problem behind this passage is the destruction of the corpse, it deals not with bodies but with dead people. The people, not just their bodies, were destroyed and are in Sheol, waiting to return ..."

Bauckham, Richard The Fate of the Dead: Studies on the Jewish and Christian Apocalypses (p. 288) Brill, 1998

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