1 Enoch 48:7


7 And the wisdom of the Lord of Spirits hath revealed him to the holy and righteous; For he hath preserved the lot of the righteous, Because they have hated and despised this world of unrighteousness, And have hated all its works and ways in the name of the Lord of Spirits: For in his name they are saved, And according to his good pleasure hath it been in regard to their life. 8 In these days downcast in countenance shall the kings of the earth have become, And the strong who possess the land because of the works of their hands; For on the day of their anguish and affliction they shall not (be able to) save themselves.

James 4:4

New Testament

3 you ask and do not receive because you ask wrongly, so you can spend it on your passions. 4 Adulterers, do you not know that friendship with the world means hostility toward God? So whoever decides to be the world’s friend makes himself God’s enemy. 5 Or do you think the scripture means nothing when it says, “The spirit that God caused to live within us has an envious yearning”?

 Notes and References

"... James 4:4 expresses the author’s disdain for this world; whoever is a friend of the world is in turn not a friend of God’s. James 3:17 and 4:4 serve as two examples to demonstrate that a this-worldly versus otherworldly dichotomy permeates or operates throughout this epistle and lies behind its message. For James, while the world refers to the physical earthly world, it also includes the entire cultural system that is associated with it. Johnson therefore argues that, for James, the world is “a system of untrammeled desire and arrogance.” Similarly Moo comments; “The ‘world’ is a common biblical way of referring to the ungodly worldview and lifestyle that characterizes human life in its estrangement from the creator.” In his 2008 article “God and the World”, Lockett discusses the portrayal of the opposition between God and the world and argues that, in describing the world, “James calls forth a new identity for his readers and articulates a theological construct of reality.” He discusses the five occurrences of “world” (i.e. 1:27; 2:5; 3:6; 4:4), and one occurrence of “earthly” in 3:15, noting how these terms are used to express the opposite to God’s standard of measure (compare God’s ephah of 4Q418). James 1:27, for instance, refers to the need to keep oneself unstained from the world, and, for James, this is achieved by keeping particular boundaries between themselves and the influence of the world. (Compare 1 Enoch 48:7) Hence, friendship with the world is, in James’ view, the ultimate betrayal of God and, Lockett maintains that it “constitutes an alliance with a system of valuation set against God.” ..."

Moran, Helen Joan Cahell Wisdom's Wide Trajectory: Reading the Letter of James in Light of 4QInstruction (pp. 131-132) The University of Dublin, 2019

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