1 Enoch 40:9


8 After that I asked the angel of peace who went with me, who showed me everything that is hidden: 'Who are these four presences which I have seen and whose words I have heard and written down?' 9 And he said to me: 'This first is Michael, the merciful and long-suffering: and the second, who is set over all the diseases and all the wounds of the children of men, is Raphael: and the third, who is set over all the powers, is Gabriel: and the fourth, who is set over the repentance unto hope of those who inherit eternal life, is named Phanuel.' And these are the four angels of the Lord of Spirits and the four voices I heard in those days.

Ephesians 6:12

New Testament

10 Finally, be strengthened in the Lord and in the strength of his power. 11 Clothe yourselves with the full armor of God, so that you will be able to stand against the schemes of the devil. 12 For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the powers, against the world rulers of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavens. 13 For this reason, take up the full armor of God so that you may be able to stand your ground on the evil day, and having done everything, to stand.

 Notes and References

"... Slavoj Žižek offers a translation of Ephesians 6:12 that, not unlike the translation techniques of the Good News Bible or The Message, he renders in “today’s language”: Our struggle is not against actual corrupt individuals, but against those in power in general, against their authority, against the global order and the ideological mystification which sustains it ... the present chapter attempts a Gramscian “preliminary detailed philological work” examining the birth and development of the archangel in ancient Judaism and Christianity, an attempt to demonstrate the conceptual and ideological unity of certain traditions previously considered unconnected. The archangel, one of an elite group of principal angels, only appears on the scene at the end or margins of the Jewish scriptures (in the books of 1 Enoch, Tobit, and Daniel), perhaps then sometime in the third century BCE, give or take some decades. Yet once the archangel entered the Jewish imaginary, he gained a secure place in Jewish and then Christian tradition ..."

Galbraith, Deane "The Origin of Archangels: Idealogical Mystification of Nobility" in Myles, Robert J. (ed.) Class Struggle in the New Testament (pp. 209-240) Fortress Academic, 2019

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